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Georgia Institute of Technology
International Affairs
INTA 1110
Tarun Chaudhary

9/18/12 Neoliberalism Islands of Theory Liberalism - 2 ends of a spectrum { Neo/Neo } [ Realism ][ Liberalism ] Determinism Volunteerism - The agency structure debate (see above) - Classical Liberalism o Focus: freedom, cooperation, peace, progress o Early Thinkers  Locke  The rule of law  Bentham  Liberal states respect international law  Kant  Republics will establish perpetual peace Typologies of Liberalism - From the book o Interdependence  Country A’s success is related to Country B’s success o Institutional  Institutions can be built that restrain state behavior o Republican  Internal attributes of a state have implications on how a state acts internationally - Distinctions o A bit arbitrary - Liberal theory represents “islands of knowledge” aimed at answering a variety of questions - Classical Liberalism o Was made up of a series of rules and beliefs o Focused on the individual rights of the person o For a classical liberal theorist, the individual is the most important level of analysis  The state plays a minimal role - Social/Progressive Liberal theorists  See a larger role for the state and global structures as a means to advance individuals and the global social welfare - Republican Liberalism o Focus on democratic peace - Institutional Liberalism o Focus on institutions Buzz Words - Functionalism  collaboration begets further collaboration o David Mitrany  Post WWII era: integration of western Europe into eastern Europe  States should allow technical specialists to collaborate on issues of importance  NOT politicians  This could only lead to further integration  Technical collaboration has a spillover effect  new institutions built on technical collaboration  This theory seemed to be put into practice in post WWII world as European nations began to collaborate and create new institutions o Neo Functionalism  Ernst Haas  Politics is necessary to understand technical collaboration  No supernatural authority would control the nation  Political elites in Europe began to control technical collaboration  This is when Functionalism and Neo Functionalism no longer applied o Transnationalism  Keohane and Nye  The importance of MNC’s and other non-state actors  MNC – multi-national corporations  The links created by the MNC’s affect what states
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