Lecture 9.docx

4 Pages
124 Views
Unlock Document

Department
International Affairs
Course
INTA 1110
Professor
Tarun Chaudhary
Semester
Fall

Description
9/20/12 Power and Security Review before Constructivism Power and Realism - Classical Realism – Morgenthau o conflict arises from Honor, Fear, and Interest (power is a necessary evil)  power establishes honor  leads to fear  and can be wielded to achieve interests - Morgenthau o Interests can be defined in term of power o Anarchy means competitive environment as dictated by human nature o Human nature is a causal force o Zero sum notion of power gains Power and Neorealism - Decouples power from human nature - Waltz o Structure of the international system  Anarchic  Anarchy leads to a power struggle  Survival Necessitates power accumulation o Scientific Measurement of power – Waltz  Size of population  Territory  Resources  Economic capability  Military strength  Political stability  Competence of leadership o Materialist in pursuit of indication o Classical Realism – Hegemon o Neorealism - Bipolar Threat - A secure environment is characterized by absence of threat - Security is derived from threat - Perception of threat is an acknowledgement that you are not secure How do you know threat? - Intention o Is it empirically knowable? o It can be articulated o Inferred from standing capabilities  Resources  Military power  Etc. o Articulated Intentions, for realists, cannot be used as a guarantee of security - Mersheimer o Offensive Realism  Nation-states will continue to seek power regardless of system security o Defensive Realism Offense/Defense Theory - Steven Van Evera o War will be more common in periods where conquest is viewed to be easier  I will have more offensive capability than you, so I will act now o Belligerency will be more likely when a nation believes they are likely to be lacking capability vis-à-vis another in the near future  You will have more offensive capability than me soon, so I should act now Influence - Schelling - Arms and Influence
More Less

Related notes for INTA 1110

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit