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Lecture 9

MUSI 102 Lecture 9: Lecture 9

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MUSI 102

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Lecture 9 - 10/13/16 Chapter 6 (Continued) • Swing band o Saxophone o Trombone o Trumpets o Piano o Drum sets o Guitar o String bass • The band leaders were like celebrities • Typical sounds of a swing band o Call and response o Walking bassline o Blue notes - b7 o Solo and tutti sections o Was not improve! o Democratic in spirit but regimented in performance o IT IS PLAYED THE SAME WAY EVERY TIME o It is very clear who solo is where and what parts will be played when o There is also choreography • Glen Miller o Trombone player o Started his own band in 1937 o His popularity was boosted by live radio broadcasts o He developed a cleaner, smoother style o Orchestral o A lot more strings are being used o This appealed to small town and big city o Relied heavily on Tin Pan Alley arrangements o 23 number one recordings in under 4 years o Signature tune "In The Mood" • William Count Basie o Blues traditions o Band leader in Kansas City o Created by improve that then became regimented in performances o During jam sessions, they were improved o His music was riff based • Repeating patterns o Steady left hand on the piano o Extreme independence on the hands of the piano o One O'clock Jump • From a film• Duke Ellington o 1899 - 1974 o Formal training o He had a lot of different tone colors and timbres o He mixed unique ideas with formal training o Experimenting with his band sound o "Take the A Train" o It had a singer!! And the band sang along o Females found their way into swing music by singing o Paying tribute to where the music came from o Bands didn’t always have funds to travel • ASCAP: American Society of Composers, Authors, and Publishers • 90% of songs from TPA were licensed through this ^^ • They are going to ask for more money • The demanded a larger portion of the revenues • The radio networks created BMI • It was not intended for a long life, but it still exists now • Basically, they signed anyone who was not associated with Tin Pan Alley • Arrangers had to create arrangements of classical pieces since ASCAP wouldn't let them broadcast their songs • They went on strike to make sure their performers got paid the right way • For more than a year, no major record company made any instrumental recordings • They did all vocals with choir • Big bands couldn’t keep up, so they split up • The industry that built them up destroyed them • Country Music o Hillbilly performers actually were growing o Southerners migrated from the south to look for work o Hillbilly Music is now known as Country and Western Music o It spread from the south because of radio exposer o After World War II, there were over 600 country radio shows o There were other factors as well • Formation of BMI game opportunities for song writers to publish and receive royalties • Capital records had huge rosters of hillbilly • Indies - Independent record labels o Country music became a third of music produced o The armed forces created victory discs that would just be focused on hillbilly music o 1920s themes were sentimentally, morality, patriotism • Roy Acuff o GI's preferred him to Sinatra o Formed a group called Crazy Tennesseans o Then he joined the grand Ole Opry o A new look for the singing cowboy o It goes through a little polish o Making the style look better to go along with changing music o Cowboy image was western and symbolized independence o He owned his own record company o It was called Acuff Rose o Taking advantage of the time where Indies are growing • Gene Autry o Developed a new kind of crooning, more int
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