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Lecture 4

POLS 1101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Townshend Acts, Tea Act, Proportional Representation


Department
Political Science
Course Code
POLS 1101
Professor
Larry Buster Stewart 
Lecture
4

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Chapter 4: Constitutional Origins, Principles and Development
4.1 From Dependent Colonies to Declaring Independence
One of the important right was that of not being taxed without consent.
Colonists also believed they were entitles to the freedom of the pree and petition government
Including privilege of the writ of habeas corpus
Prohibitions on ex post facto laws
Right to trial by jury
Limitations on governments ability to search he private property of criminal suspects
The reason American declare independence from Great Britain was the British Parliament
over the most fair and proper way to share the burdens of providing for Americans security
from foreign powers
Declaration of Independence in July of 1776
This conflict began with French and Indian War(1754-1763) aka. Seven Years War
This war removed France from NA
This mean American colonists liberty were secure because France were monarchy
Stamp Act Parliament imposing a tax on printed paper produced in London on American
colonists
Unconstitutional taxation without representation
Repeal the Stamp Act in 1766 but the taxes were on and off for 8 years
Other tax includes Townshend Act (1767) and Tea Act (1773)
Parliament passed the Declaratory Act of 1766
IT had authority to make laws in all cases whatsoever
Three things are important about the Creed for purposes of understanding the
American way of government and politics:
It reflects the philosophy of government upon which America’s state and federal
constitutions are based and justified.
Despite the fact that Americans are ideologically divided in many ways, the basic
principles of the Creed continue to be widely shared by those in the mainstream of
American politics
Due to the Creed’s authority and prestige, those who are critical of American
institutions and/or the beliefs of those in the mainstream of American politics will
often either (a) point out how the mainstream is not living up to the Creed or (b)
take issue with a core tenet of the Creed and explain why they think it is flawed or
outright false.
Constitutes America’s Creed.
All men are created equal
All human beings are equal is that they are all equally bound by natural law.
To secure natural right
Based on the consent of the governed
People have the right to withdraw their consent from the government and to create a new
government
4.3 Constitutional Convention of 1787
The Constitution begins with a preamble and the seventh article of the Original Constitution
James Madison of Virginia shape the Constitution a lot
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