FILM 2153 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Kinetoscope, Mutoscope

35 views1 pages

For unlimited access to Class Notes, a Class+ subscription is required.

Week 1 Notes History of Cinema
Motion picture film- is a series of images that are projected one after the other
(sequential). Brain perceives it as a moving picture.
o Photography
1839- Gerotypes
Beginning of taking a picture (permanent image)
o Roll of Film- late 1880s
Allowed for a longer motion picture
Allowed for more scenes (photos) as opposed to using glass plates (roll of
film > 150,000 glass plates)
o Long exposure times
Unable to make fast paced films (boxing, etc.)
Zoetrope- a circle with small shutter holes along the sides, and when you spin it, the
pictures within the circle move to create moving film
o Sequential pictures exposed fast enough to create a moving picture
Edison created the roll of film, but did not invent motion picture altogether
o Other people around the world were doing similar things
o Edison was protected only in the U.S by his patent, therefore other people in the
world used his idea to further advance the industry
o Found in parlors
o Look into a giant box to watch moving pictures
o Meant for single person use
o Within a parlor, each kinetoscope had a different story/sequence of image
o A device that had different cards with still images (like an old fashion address
o As you cranked the scope, the cards will move sequentially creating a moving
Lumiere Brothers (1895)
o French brothers that worked in a factory that developed products for the film
o Created a camera that was able to record live motion picture rather than create
sequential pictures
o First to effectively project a motion picture to an audience
Average speed of frames was 16fps (feet per second)
o Lower the speed, the more contorted the visuals or vice versus
find more resources at
find more resources at
Unlock document

This preview shows half of the first page of the document.
Unlock all 1 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get access

$10 USD/m
Billed $120 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
40 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class
$8 USD/m
Billed $96 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
30 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class