IAFF 1005 Lecture Notes - Lecture 17: Paul Kagame, Hutu Power, Cold War

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13 Jun 2018
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Thursday Lecture: The Rwandan Genocide
I.
A. Hutus collecting names of Tutsis and calling them cockroaches
B. People fleeing to Burundi
C. Somalia fell apart in 1991-1991 and Clinton didn’t do anything because the election was coming
up and sends troops to Somalia; Clinton increases the peacekeepers
D. 1992 forces are pulled out after Mogadishu incident → didn’t want to send forces back to
Africa to go to Rwanda after just pulling them out of Somalia
E. Hutu saw the only way of being able to maintain Hutu power was to kill all the Tutsi
1. Led to massive refugee issues
2. Tutsi led RPF seized control of the country in 1994 and Hutus started fleeing →
passed the Tutsis coming back
3. Eastern Congo had massive Hutu camps
F.
1. Average of 8000 people killed per day
2. A catalyst for the destabilization of Zaire in the Congo
3. Problems with international responses
4. President of Rwanda - Paul Kagame re-elected
II. Historical evolution: the cold war era
A. US/USSR were not focused on “conflict prevention”
1. Instead, conflict instigation, escalation, prolongation, and proxy wars
2. Psty of the problem, not the solution
B. UN was largely paralyzed on conflict issues
1. 13 peacekeeping operations in 40+ years (1945-1988)
III.
A. Number of peacekeeping operations increased a lot in the 80s and 90s → new world order
emerging
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