Intro to Criminal Justice 1003 with Martin Schwartz
Lecture 5 / 11 September 2013
Attendance WAS taken today.
How are crimes ranked? If someone commits rapes someone AND murders the person, is
it counted as a murder AND a rape? No, it is ranked by whatever is higher. So it is only
counted as a murder. Murder > Rape > Assault > Larceny.
Sources of Criminal Law
Constitutional laws and provisions: the Bill of Rights.
Common law practices such as contempt of court.
Statutes written by legislature (the most common source of law).
Case decisions, most importantly these by the Supreme Court.
Administrative rules and regulations
What is Crime?
Actus reus- voluntary, deliberate, illegal acts. Such as stealing or assaulting.
Occasionally negligent acts. A failure to act when the law requires you to.
Mens rea- To do a crime with guilty intent. Such as stealing a phone from a purse.
The intent is implied. Or negligent homicide.
Mena rea and actus reus must be directly connected and harm must be done.
An exception to mens rea is a strict liability offense.
It does not require inten