AMST 2440 Lecture 24: Latinos Reshaping American Cities/ American Cities Reshaping Latinos
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Department
American Studies
Course
AMST 2440
Professor
Suliman Osman
Semester
Spring

Description
Latinos Reshaping American Cities/ American Cities Reshaping Latinos Recap: New immigration past 30 years  a boost for struggling American cities Case study: Latinos • Fastest growing ethnic minority. Passed African-Americans as largest minority group • ~ 55 million Latinos in the United States, 17% of the population • By 2030 1 in 4 U.S. residents will be of Hispanic ancestry. What is a “Latino” or “Hispanic” American? Debates about categories • “Hispanic” invented by Fed. Gov in mid 1970s for statistical reasons “Latino” gained popularity in 1990s Hispanic - emphasize Spanish language, connection to Spain Latino  emphasize Latin America roots, includes Brazil. Today interchangeable Why is a Latino/Hispanic category important? (Big debate in Latino Studies) Pros * Categories are imp’t – data helps gov. and bus. address issues like inequality (ex: case of France – drawbacks of a colorblind census) * Unifying “Pan-Latino” category  More political power, representation * Captures ‘latinidad’ - there is a common experience, culture Cons * Latin America is diverse! Puerto Rican, Bolivian, Mexican culture – diverse and different. Most prefer to identify by country of origin (or even region w/in country!) * ‘Latino’/Hispanic leadership dominated by big three –-- Mexican-Americans, Puerto Ricans, Cuban-Americans Little guys can be overshadowed (ex: Guatemalan-Americans, Dominican-American) * Not all Latinos speak Spanish as mother tongue ex: indigenous languages – Zapotec, Nahuatl, Quiché ex: second, third generation Latinos might not speak Spanish (unfair to call them “less ‘Hispanic’”) ex: Brazilian-Americans – not Hispanic, but share a Latino experience Diverse Latino cities: Which is the “Latino capital”? Davis: (don’t copy) “Three cities have made claims to be the “capital of Latin America – Los Angeles New York, and Miami – [but] the recipes of Latindad involve strikingly different national ingredients.” • Cuban Miami – 55% of L’s in Miami are Cuban-American. 1960’s refugees flee communist revolution.
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