Swiss archaeologist Hans Koch, 1857, Village of La Tene.
This is around the same time Ramsauer was excavating Hallstatt, also around the same time that
Grammatica Celtica was published, and Celtic connections are building
In the 1860s, this was seen as a Celtic village, there are wooden pilings in the lake whose original
purpose is undetermined. Maybe foundations of a lake dwelling? We do know that people built
dwellings and dwelling complexes in lakes for defensive complexes, including people in Ireland.
Assumed that what was found at La Tene was remains of collection of lake dwellings. Collection of
artifacts there – mostly weapons, but also broaches, tools, parts of chariots, and on all of these
objects, extremely sophisticated decoration. Metalwork predominates, but also pottery and glass.
Not sure – was it a dwelling? A trade port? A ritual site? What is known is that this site dates from
5 century BCE. This places it AFTER Hallstatt, because Hallstatt was about 700 ~ 550 BCE.
Finds of similar objects start turning up in Eastern France, Southern Germany, Switzerland,
Northern Italy, and even Austria, where Hallstatt is located.
4 main territories. So, what this represents is a continued movement of the culture westward. Still
stuff turning up in Hungary and Czech Republic, but the bulk of it is westward.
Because there is virtually no evidence of mass migration at this time, the current view would tend to
be much more cautious – what we know is that the culture is spreading. This may mean people
west of Hallstatt center are picking up on styles of life, kinds of materials and metalwork, social
structure of aristocratic elite
May have to do with people moving to be closer to