British – Winter of Discontent – Anarchy in the UK
Unemployment, 1,500,000 people by 1978 (ver 5% of the population)
The new mode of politics: the new mood of détente
Era of bad taste. Tour Montparnasse in Paris.
Politics of sexuality
Invention of the pill – more prominent in 1960s thanks to campaigning by American feminist activist
Sanger and experiments by Nobel Prize winning scientists Djerassi and research of American
Issue of abortion – legalized by the early 80s for the most part, but it was illegal beforehand.
Countries with strong catholic roots remained resistant to legalization
Atomic/nuclear power protests – emerged an environmentalist movement, led by Petra Kelly
Willy Brandt – Chancellor West Germany, public gesture of contrition at Warsaw Ghetto memorial,
Brandt also champion of Ostpolitik, East Politics, trying to open up a bridge of dialogue with east
Germany and eastern bloc in general. He won the peace prize for his efforts, but brought down by
But then, young left militants in west Germany turned toward more violent methods – felt that West
German capitalism had never broken its ties with fascist past, felt that continued struggle against
communism was a continued struggle of Nazis against Bolshevism. Thought of themselves as
continuing struggle against fascism that their parents had failed to achieve.
RAF – Red Army Faction – 1968 Andreas Gaader and Gudrun Ensslin bombed department store in
Frankfurt. Spiraled out of control. Baader arrest but in 1970 Meinhof helped him break out of prison.
RAF was labeled terrorists. Attempts at kidnapping, engagements with police. RAF remained a
symbolic movement in West Germany, and West German state presented this group as a terrible
threat of stability of govt, although they never really were. Climate of fearmongering in west
Baader and Meinhof imprisoned.
Explains climate of paranoia and state fear about radical left, which is a background to 19