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Lecture 2

SCILIVSY 12 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Francis Collins, Victorian Era, Human Genome Project


Department
General Education
Course Code
SCILIVSY 12
Professor
Professor Berry
Lecture
2

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Lies%at%the%heart%of%all%biology
The%understanding%of%who%we%are,%both%as%individuals%and%as%a%species
The$Origin$of$Species !"#$%&#'#(&#()*(+,'(-)+")-(+,$+(.'(,&/$-#($0'("-(
#)/'(.$1(#'+($2$0+(*0)/(+,'(-$+&0$3(.)03!4(%&+("+($3#)(20)5"!'#($(
/'6,$-"#/4(-$+&0$3(#'3'6+")-4(.,'0'%1($!$2+$+")-(77 +,$+('89&"#"+'(*"+()*(
)0:$-"#/#(+)(+,'"0('-5"0)-/'-+(77 6$-($0"#'(."+,)&+(!"5"-'("-+'05'-+")-
Evolution
Creationists:%bible%fundamentalists
;0$-6"#(<)33"-#= an%American%physician-geneticist%noted%for%his%discoveries%of%
disease%genes%and%his%leadership%of%the%Human%Genome%Project
Huxley%ridicules%Wilberforce,%ultimately%claiming%he%would%
rather%be%the%descendant%of%an%ape%than%Wilberforce
>"3%'0*)06':%wrote%pro-Darwinian%paper,%later%to%attack%Darwinian%
theory%
§
Post-Origin:%Huxley%vs.%Wilberforce
?&+3'0(@6+(AB'--'##''(CDEFG=(unlawful%for%any%teacher%or%university%
to%teach%lessons%that%conflict%with%the%theory%of%Divine%Creation%of%
man%as%taught%in%the%Bible
§
HIJI@H<K(LMHI(KIHI
§
The%Scopes%Trial
Religion%Vs.%Science
Darwin%expresses%to%Wallace% his%gloomy%view%of%the%future%of%
humanity%on%the%ground%that%in%our%modern%civilization%natural%
selection%had%no%play,%and%the%fittest%did%not%survive.%Those%that%
succeed%in%the%race%for%wealth%are%by%no%means%the%best%or%the%most%
intelligent
§
Middle%class%families%with%"good%genes"%were%only%
having%small%families%and%those%with%bad%genes%were%
out-reproducing%the%good%ones
®
The%poorest%and%most%depraved%were%the%ones%with%the%
biggest%families
Natural%selection%was%apparently%no%long%operating%in%Victorian%
Britain
§
To%promote%his%work%dissecting%the%roles%of%inheritance%and%
rearing%the%in%the%careers%of%prominent%men,%Galton%
introduced%what%he%called% "N@BOHI(BM(NOHBOHIP
;0$-6"#(Q$3+)-(AR$0."-S#(6)&#"-G
§
A%Socio-Genetic%Crisis
For%Galton,%nature%(genetically%inherited%propensities)%most%
definitely%trumps%nurture%(learnt%propensities)
§
Self-directed%Human%Evolution
Eugenics:%the%study%of%or%belief%in%the%possibility%of%improving%the%
qualities%of%the%human%species%or%a%human%population,%especially%by%
such%means%as%discouraging%reproduction%by%persons%having%genetic%
defects%or%presumed%to%have%inheritable% undesirable%traits%(negative%
eugenics)%or%encouraging%reproduction%by%persons%presumed%to%
have%inheritable%desirable%traits%(positive%eugenics)
§
M3"5'0(>'-!'33(K)3/'#
§
Positive%Eugenics:%Better%Babies
A%full-bore%eugenic-cum-totalitarian%world%in%which%both%
positive%and%negative%eugenics%are%freely%wielded%by%the%state
;0$-6"#(Q$3+)-S#(Kantsaywhere
§
From%Eugenics%to%Genocide
Either%offers%parents%an%opportunity%to%prepare%for%a%child%
with%needs%that%need%to%be%met,%or%occasionally%leads%to%an%
abortion
Introduction%of%prenatal%genetic%testing%let%expecting%parents%find%
out%in%advance%whether%their%child%will%be%born%with%a%major%
disability%or%terminal%disease
§
Modern%Eugenics
Science%in%the%Service%of%Social%Agenda
Lecture'#2'Notes
Saturday,%October% 1,%2016
3:41%PM
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