COMG 151 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Angela Merkel, Infinitive, Nicki Minaj

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Outline*DUE*Jan*26*(Submit*via*Laulima)*
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Selecting*a*topic*and*purpose
Selecting*a*topic*
Personal)inventory)
Things*that*you*enjoy/things*that*you*are*interested*in
§
Brainstorming*(Looking*for*different*ideas*you*are*interested*in)
§
Clustering
Making*a*list*in*order*of*topic*and*clustering them*in*their*different*
categories
§
People
Places
Events
Donald*Trump
Gordon*Ramsey
Angela*Merkel
Nicki*Minaj
Cam*Newton
France
Italy
Cambodia
Japan
Germany
Coachella
Olympics
Reference)Search
Internet)Search)
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General)Purpose:*Broad*goal*of*a*speech
To*inform
To*persuade
To*commemorate
To*introduce
To*entertain
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Specific*Purpose*
Why*are*we*here?
States*what*the*speaker*hopes*to*accomplish*
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Specific*Purpose*Statement*Guidelines
Full*infinitive*phrase
Want*the*purpose*to*be*easy*to*understand*and*comprehensive
§
Audience*knows*what*to*expect*
§
Statement,*not*question
Distraction/confuses*audience*
§
Makes*purpose*more*clear
§
No*figurative*language
Avoid*slang*(ex*"This*really*stinks"*-->*"This*is*awful")
§
Can*confuse*/distract*the*audience
§
Limit*to*one*distinct*idea
Putting*too*many*things*together*can*confuse*the*topic*and*confuse*
audience
§
Avoid*being*vague
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Specific*Purpose*Questions
Does*purpose*meet*assignment?
Can*I*accomplish*purpose*in*time*allotted?
Is*the*purpose*relevant*to*the*audience?
Is*purpose*too*trivial*for*audience?
Is*purpose*too*technical*for*audience?*
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Central*Idea
One-sentence*statement
Encapsulates*major*ideas*of*speech*
Allows*the*audience*to*know*and*expect*what*you*re*speaking*about
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Audience*Analysis
Allows*you*to*relate*to*the*audience
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A*tool*to*figure*out*what*the*audience*believes*is*important*to*them
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Audience*centered*questions:
To*whom*am*I*speaking?
What*so*I*want*them*to*know/believe/fee/do?
What*is*the*most*effective*way*of*composing*and*presenting*my*speech*to*
accomplish*that*goal?
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Egocentrism*"IT'S*ALL*ABOUT*ME"
Tendency*for*people*to*be*concerned*above*all*with*their*own*
values/beliefs/well-being
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Demographic*Audience*Analysis
Age
Gender
Sexual*orientation
Racial,*ethnic,*cultural*background
Religion
Group*memberships
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Situational*Audience*Analysis
Size*(Larger*audience*=*more*formal)*
Physical*setting
Disposition*toward*topic
Interest*
§
Knowledge
§
Attitude
§
Disposition*toward*speaker
Disposition*toward*occasion
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Audience*Analysis*Questionnaire
Fixed*alternative*questions:
YES*or*NO*questions
§
Ex.*
Scale*questions:
Responses*at*a*fixed*intervals*along*a*scale*
§
Ex:
Open-ended*questions:
Responses*may*answer*how*they*want
§
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Using*your*audience*analysis*questionnaire
Figure*out*what*your*audience*is*really*interested*in*
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Are*you*a*Netflix*subscriber?
YES
NO
How*often*do*you*watch*Netflix?
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Selecting)a)Topic)&)Purpose
Monday,*January*25,*2016
12:34*PM
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