AFRO 005 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Sonni Ali, Flanaess, Almoravid Dynasty

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The great empires of west africa: ghana, mali, and songhay. Ghana earliest of great empires extending back to as early as the. 1st century: people gradually adopted islam by tenth century, ghana"s decline came in the 12th and 13th century. Mali, or melle, emerged around 1235 as a great kingdom. Ghana"s trading empire: 11th century had large army and lucrative trade across. Used iron tipped spears to subdue neighbors, who fought with less efficient weapons made of stone, bone, and wood. Mali"s rise threatened the vital trade routes through west africa: emergence as a power in 1235, successful revolt under sundiata keita have mali control over internal trade routes, mansa-musa ruled form 1312-1337. Mali and became known for its scholarship and intellectual climate. Dethroned by oldest son and empire began to. Sundiata decline and finally overthrown by the moroccans w/

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