CJS 102 Lecture Notes - Lecture 13: Iris Chang, Power Vacuum, United Nations Assistance Mission For Rwanda

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5 Feb 2017
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Problems with the UN Definition of Genocide
Omits killing for political or social reasons
Unclear how many must die for it to be considered genocide
Must show intent
Doesn’t make a clear distinction between war aand genocide
o Hiroshima
Conditions that Make Genocide More Likely
Condition 1
o War
Normal limits on government are lifted
Perceived threat is greater
Usual for mobilizing masses
Oher countries disgraced
Iris Chang
o Rape of Nanking
What Japanese did in China during World War II
Condition 2
o Colonization
Colonizers view their actions as morally right
Area colonized seen as unclaimed by any legitimate authority
United States
South America
Africa
Condition 3
o Decolonization
Strong colonial power withdraws or strong leader steps down
Power vacuum facilitates violence
Bosnia
o Used to be Czechslovia
Haiti
Iraq
o Violence between Sunni and Shiite
Responding to Genocide
U.S. did not ratify until 1986
UN vague on punishment
UN vague on procedures
Trial in country where crime occurred or international tribunal
Genocides in Past Century
As many as 170,000,000 between 1900 and 1987
August 2001, first conviction for genocide
o Bosnian Siberian general
More have died in genocide in past 100 years than in any 100 year period in history
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