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Lecture 6

FCS 250 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Social Emotions, Relational Aggression, Albert Bandura

Family & Consumer Sciences
Course Code
FCS 250
michele ruby

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Social and emotional development
Chapter 11
Learning outcomes
a. Explain how siblings. Birth order, peers, and other factors affect social
development during early childhood
b. Discuss personality and emotional development during early childhood, focusing
on the self, Erikson’s views and fears
c. Explain the impact of stress, bullying, and abuse
1. Influences of siblings
a. Functions performed by siblings?
i. Can be positive and negative functions
b. Interactions
i. Conflicts
1. Can be good
2. Going to have differences
3. Where you learn to control your emotions
4. Conflicts increases between siblings when parents start to play
c. Adjusting to the birth of a sibling
i. Announcement of a new baby brother or sister
ii. Need to prepare the preschooler for the baby that is coming
1. You can practice
iii. Preschoolers feel the stress of having that new baby in the family
1. Negative behaviors
a. Baby like behaviors
b. More accidents
c. Act out
2. Positive behaviors
iv. Leave time for preschooler
1. Have them help out with the baby
v. Siblings tend to get closer as they age
d. Birth order
i. First-borns
1. Highly more motivated
2. Traditionally perform better academically
3. More cooperative
4. More anxiety
5. Not as confident
6. Obtain higher standardized test scores
ii. Later-borns
1. Try to compete more for attention
a. Can be positive or negative way
2. Tend to be more rebellious
a. Act out
b. Try different things
3. Parents are more relaxed
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e. Peers
i. First friends are typically your siblings until you enter school aged years
ii. Associate with more friends than siblings around age 2
1. Helps you with
a. Conflict
b. Social skills
2. Play a great roll in development
2. Prosocial behavior
a. Prosocial behavior: Helping somebody without the expectation of a reward
i. Not expecting anything in return
ii. Just want to help somebody
b. Empathy
i. Start to see it in infancy
1. One baby cries, another follows
ii. Girls show more empathy than boys
1. Because boys are told not to show emotion (by society)
c. Perspective-taking skills
i. Understanding someone’s point of view
1. “how would you feel?”
d. influences on prosocial behavior
i. parents
1. need parents to understand to teach their kids
2. have their parents be role models
a. how to show empathy
b. how to understand perspective-taking
3. aggression
a. age
i. starts in preschool
1. possession oriented
2. objects
3. they’re rejected by their peers
ii. as they get older 6-7
1. more person oriented
iii. see them to stabilize as they get older
b. causes of aggression
i. evolutionary based theory
1. built in us
2. natural instinct that we want to survive
ii. biological factors
1. genetics
2. testosterone levels
3. child’s temperament
iii. cognitive factors
1. one track mind
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