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Near Eastern States
The Iron Age, c. 1200 BCE
Two language groups:
- Root of all European languages except Finnish, Hungarian
Now talking about Semitic languages:
Arguments: In this region of Mesopotamia the theme that is extreme disorder followed by a new
order continues here.
There are about 5 empires to cover, but we’re focusing on the Assyrians and the Babylonians
Ramses II famous for being very warlike, conquests with Hittites. Symbol of Egypt at its height.
-After his rule, the 3 intermediate period.
Hittites in Asia Minor and they disrupt Babylonia Mesopotamia and New Kingdom Egypt.
Farming is coming in to Western Europe.
By states being disrupted many people are displaced by conquest.
Just because you extract Iron means you know what to do with it, but in 1200 people start
working with it. It can rust easily. But you don’t want a weapon to rust, so you just make a new
one because there’s a lot of steel.
By the Bronze age, there were Semitic tribes settling in which is now Palestine but Canaan. Two
settlements in Canaan
- Jericho and Jerusalem
- If you were living there on the Mediterranean coast, the best thing you can do is get
involved with trade.
- Great traders.
- There name comes from a purple dye.
- They’re pretty small, but they had a huge influence.
- Most famous exploits was that they colonized Carthage
- Become the Bane of the Romans existence
- Made an alphabet with 22 letters and the Latin alphabet comes from that
Around 900ish you get new orders:
- Neo Assyrian Empire – Nineveh
- Neo Babylonian Empire – Babylon
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- Persian Empire
- Pretty violent
- Very militant society
- Very bent on conquest
- Hittites boxing them in and causing them trouble.
- By the 670s they try and take Egypt
- They also developed a technology to create steel.
- It won’t rust, but it’s expensive.
- When they conquered people, they take all the peoples and remove t