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Lecture 3

HIS 102 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Renaissance Architecture, Individualism, Erasmus

5 pages83 viewsFall 2016

Course Code
HIS 102

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HIS 102 Section 001
Outline of Last Lecture
I. Europe at the End of the Middle Ages
II. Religion in Europe
III. Medieval Society in the “West”
Outline of Current Lecture
I. Renaissance
II. Northern Italian City States
III. Patronage
IV. Key Concepts of Renaissance Art and Architecture
V. Humanism
VI. Northern Renaissance
Current Lecture
The Renaissance
Renaissance: “rebirth” of learning, art, and culture in the 15th and 16th centuries in
oThe renaissance impacted all of Western Europe.
oIt was the beginning of a secular society.
Less focus on religion.
oAlso the beginning of a transition to modernity.
oOnly touches the highest class of society during this time period, mostly just rich
white males.
About 1% of Europe’s population.
oDid the women have a renaissance?
Arguably, the women didn’t have their own renaissance as this was a
time of learning, art, and culture for rich men.
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In fact, conditions for women in this time period seem to worsen.
oA better, broader definition: it is a cultural period in the 14th – 16th centuries that
coincides with medieval Europe. It began in Italy and effected mostly Western
Europe, then later in the long run (17th and 18th centuries) reached Europe.
Northern Italian City States
They were very wealthy, earning their money through trade and crafts.
There came to be a lot of political turmoil and warfare
oThe government system was a republic.
oThe number of people allowed to vote was very restricted.
oIt was a rule by oligarchies.
oWarfare was brought on as they tried to extend their territories in Northern
Along with social and economic turmoil
oTurmoil was brought on by the plague (mid-14th century)
Scholars say the exact year was about 1348.
The plague arrive in Europe from China by two passages…. One arrives on
ship on the Italian peninsula, the other comes through the Eurasian step
in Russia on the Silk Road.
60% of the population is killed.
Leads to an economic decline during the time of the plague.
The renaissance comes out on the other side of the plague.
Central and stimulating, especially in the arts.
oLead to a rising arts scene.
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