HIS 102 Section 001
Outline of Last Lecture
I. Pre-existing Conditions
b. The Netherlands
II. Thirty Years War
a. Impact on the People
b. Peace of Westphalia
c. Effects of the War
Outline of Current Lecture
I. Pre-Conditions of Absolutism
a. Henry IV
b. Cardinal Richlieu
c. Cardinal Marazin
d. Louis XIV
a. Ivan IV
b. Peter I
Two forms of government emerge.
Preconditions of Absolutism
o Traditional order of society, defined by estates and ranks within estates.
o Mounting pressures on peasants and nobles.
o Monarchs bent on increasing direct authority.
These notes represent a detailed interpretation of the professor’s lecture. GradeBuddy is best
used as a supplement to your own notes, not as a substitute. o Social structure is like a tree. Nobility are the branches and the peasants are the
trunk. Impossible for peasants to move up.
o Absolute monarchs need some kind of support.
Henry IV (1589-1610)
o Diffused religious turmoil (Edict of Nantes)
o Appealed to traditional nobility but also created “nobility of the robe”.
o Economic reconstruction.
o Assassinated in 1610.
Cardinal Richelieu (1585-1642)
o Chief Minister for underage King Louis XIII.
o Made royal power supreme in France and France supreme in Europe.
o Destroyed nobles opposed to king and stripped Huguenots of their rights.
o Administrative restructuring: creating of intendants.
Cardinal Marazin (1602-1661)
o Chief Minister for young Louis XIV.