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Lecture

Psychology_Chapter_2_Study_Guide

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSY 110
Professor
All Professors
Semester
Winter

Description
Chapter5PavlovsresearchparadigmUsedthedogthatwouldsalivateatthesoundofabellThorndikeslawofeffectTheconsequenceofaresponsewilldeterminewhetherthetendencytorespondinthesamewayinthefuturewillbestrengthenedornotScheduledreinforcementFixedintervalsomethingisconstantVariableintervalSomethingchangesFixedratioConstantfactorofreinforcementVariableratioChangeinamountofreinforcementsShapingGraduallymoldingadesiredbehaviorbyreinforcinganymovementinthedirectionofthedesiredresponseClassicalconditioningPavlovianhigherorderconditioningspontaneousrecoveryextinctionOperantconditioningFrequencyofvoluntarybehaviorchangesbecauseoftheconsequencesthebehaviorproducesExtinctionOccurswhenreinforcesarewithheldSpontaneousrecoveryalsooccursinoperantconditioningPrimaryreinforcementSurvivalrelatedfoodwaterSecondaryreinforcementLearneddesiresReinforcementStrengthensprobabilityofaresponsePunishmentMustbeswiftandconsistentPositiveAddingsomethingaversiveNegativeTakingawaysomethingdesiredAvoidanceLearningtoavoidsomethingonefearsLearnedhelplessnessLearnedthroughrepeatedexposuretoinescapableeventsBehaviormodificationChangingabehaviorbasedonlearningprinciplesLatentlearningOccurswithoutapparentreinforcementCognitivemapsMentalrepresentationofaspatialBandurasbobodollexperimentDisplayedchildrenandaggressionrelationshipChapter6Memoryprocesses3
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