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Lecture 5

PSY 213 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Egocentrism, Lev Vygotsky, Discovery Learning


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY 213
Professor
Alycia Hund
Lecture
5

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Chapter 5
Physical and Cognitive Development in Early Childhood
Overview
I. Piaget’s Theory
II. Vygotsky’s Theory
III. Information Processing IV. Language Development
II. The average child grows 2.5 inches in height and gains 5-7 lbs a year during early
childhood.
III. Lev V is the process through which axons (nerve fibers that carry signals away from
the cell body) are covered with a layer of fat cells , which increases the speed and
efficiency of information traveling through the nervous system.
IV. Symbolic function substage: first substage of preoperational thought; occurs roughly
between the ages of 2 and 4; the young child gains the ability to mentally represent an
object that isn’t present
a. Animism is the belief that inanimate objects have animate qualities
V. Intuitive Thought Substage: occurs between ages 4 and 7; children begin to use
primitive reasoning and want to know the answers to everything
I. Piaget’s Theory
A. 4 Stages of Cognitive Development
1. Sensorimotor (birth to 2 yrs)
2. Preoperational (2 yrs to 7 yrs)
3. Concrete operational (7 yrs to 11 yrs) 4. Formal operational (11 yrs and older)
2. Preoperational Stage
2-7 yrs
Development of representation
Children represent the world with words, images, and drawings
Language gains
Make believe play
Not yet capable of operations- reversible mental actions
From Siegler, DeLoache, & Eisenberg (2003)
A. Symbolic Function Substage
• 2-4 yrs: can mentally represent objects not present, but 2 limits:
1. egocentrism- inability to distinguish own viewpoint from viewpoint of others
3mountainstask
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