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Lecture 5

PSY 213 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Egocentrism, Lev Vygotsky, Discovery Learning

Course Code
PSY 213
Alycia Hund

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Chapter 5
Physical and Cognitive Development in Early Childhood
I. Piaget’s Theory
II. Vygotsky’s Theory
III. Information Processing IV. Language Development
II. The average child grows 2.5 inches in height and gains 5-7 lbs a year during early
III. Lev V is the process through which axons (nerve fibers that carry signals away from
the cell body) are covered with a layer of fat cells , which increases the speed and
efficiency of information traveling through the nervous system.
IV. Symbolic function substage: first substage of preoperational thought; occurs roughly
between the ages of 2 and 4; the young child gains the ability to mentally represent an
object that isn’t present
a. Animism is the belief that inanimate objects have animate qualities
V. Intuitive Thought Substage: occurs between ages 4 and 7; children begin to use
primitive reasoning and want to know the answers to everything
I. Piaget’s Theory
A. 4 Stages of Cognitive Development
1. Sensorimotor (birth to 2 yrs)
2. Preoperational (2 yrs to 7 yrs)
3. Concrete operational (7 yrs to 11 yrs) 4. Formal operational (11 yrs and older)
2. Preoperational Stage
2-7 yrs
Development of representation
Children represent the world with words, images, and drawings
Language gains
Make believe play
Not yet capable of operations- reversible mental actions
From Siegler, DeLoache, & Eisenberg (2003)
A. Symbolic Function Substage
• 2-4 yrs: can mentally represent objects not present, but 2 limits:
1. egocentrism- inability to distinguish own viewpoint from viewpoint of others
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