PSY 233 Lecture 7: Psych- Lecture 7

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8 Feb 2017
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Wednesday, February 8, 2017
1
Chapter 4
Sociocultural paradigm: societal-cultural factors
- Emphasis on socio-cultural factors, such as roles, SES, birth order, ethnic
identification
Alfred Adler
Karen Horney
Erik Erikson
Definition of culture
- Shared learned behavior and meanings acquired by people in a society that are
passed from one generation to another for purposes of promoting adaptation and
adjustment
- These behaviors and meanings are dynamic and responsive to changes and
demands from society and the environment
Representation of a culture
- A culture can be represented externally in artifacts, roles, settings, and institutions
- Culture is also represented internally in values, beliefs, expectations, epistemology
(ways of knowing), and world views --> context is important and reality is relative
- The inclusion of culture has become very important in psychology
Fictional final goals
- Essentially teleological (future orientated)
- Vaihinger's philosophy of "as if"
Perception of events determines one's worldview, which determines one's fictional
final goals
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