A M D 178 Lecture 11: AMD 178 Lecture 11: Balance Rhythm and Emphasis (Chapter 9)

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AMD 178 Lecture 11: Balance Rhythm and Emphasis (Chapter 9)
Balance in Design:
o Definition:
Ideal and necessity in life
Balance leads to rhythm and gives importance to emphasis
o Types of Balance:
Structural: Equilibrium of an actual object
Visual: Perception and Psychological reactions
o Structural:
Horizontal
Equal weights: the principle of horizontal balance is best
illustrated by a fulcrum and a lever
An orderly arrangement provides
Symmetry: weight is the same but the size is different
Bilateral or radial symmetry: Pivotal central point
Vertical Balance
Important in gardening
Relationship of height to the weight at the bottom is extremely
important
Radial Balance
originates from a central pole
Symbolic of life within
o Visual Balance
The aesthetic quality of balance
The comparative visual weight of the parts to the whole
The visual impact can be equal even when the elements are quite
different
Rhythm
o A regular pulsation
o Often relates to balance
o Derivative of the Greek word meaning to flo
o Pythagoras elieed i the usi of the spheres
o Fixed time pattern beat
o Types of Rhythm
Metric
Simplest
Seen in weaving
Flowing
Movement
Interplay of balance and rhythm
Swirling
Relates to radial balance
Example pirouette in ballet
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