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Lecture 8

W S 201 Lecture 8: WS 201- Creating Change and the Future of Feminism

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Women's Studies
W S 201
Alexia Shante Angton

WS 201: Creating Change and the Future of Feminism 4/24/2017 7:41:00 PM Keywords and Concepts • Contested Terrain o An area of debate or controversy, in which individuals or groups attempt to impose their own views or meanings on a situation • Identity Politics o A tendency for people of a particular religion, race, social background, etc, to form exclusive political alliances, moving away from traditional broad-based party politics. • Identity-Based Politics o Political activity or movements based on or catering to the cultural, ethnic, gender, racial, religious, or social interests that characterize a group identity • Positionality o The fact or quality of having a position in relation to other things o The occupation or adoption of a particular position in relation to others, usually with reference to issues of culture, ethnicity, or gender • Transnational Feminism o Refers to both a contemporary feminist paradigm and the corresponding activist movement • Fourth Wave of Feminism o Refers to various, conflicting assessments of recent developments within the feminist movement o Combining justice with religious spirituality • Liberal Feminism • Radical Feminism • Socialist Feminism • Third Wave Feminism Victories and Contested Terrains • 1995: UN 4 thWorld Conference on Women in Beijing, China • Platform for Action revealed: o Women’s rights = still seen as secondary or irrelevant o Equal rights sometimes still non-existent o CRR inexistent or challenged • 2015: Beijing +20: o Less media coverage o Report: great progress but ongoing issues • Western world: greater rights at all levels • More male allies to feminism • Equality for all = democracy • November 20, 2013: Gloria Steinem granted Medal of Freedom • Young women still concerned about their rights (Pollitt 2011) • UN Women “Step It Up” (2015) The Fourth Wave • Contested term: self-proclaimed and imposed • 2008: many organizations created • Continuity and change • Primarily millennial / “Generation Y” • Social media and new technologies • Performative politics • Intersectional feminism • Greater global solidarity • Similarity of protest modes and claims • Women’s unequal situation due to globalization • Trivialization: o Really useful? (= feminism no longer needed) o Appropriate modes of protest? o Pitted against 2 nd and 3 rdwave feminists • Media misrepresentations: o Invisibilization (Perez 2012) o Only white upper-middle class educated women were interviewed (Pollitt 2011) • Ambiguous relationship with feminist label • Stigmatization due to backlash • 3 rdand 4 thwave feminists: make popular again Arab Spring • Women of Arab Spring o Tawakkul Karman ▪ Nobel Peace Prize o Maryam Rehamanian ▪ Photographer who faked mugshots of women o Zaina Erhaim ▪ Journalist,
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