GEOL 1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 24: Mountaintop Removal Mining, Anthracite, Sulfuric Acid

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21 Sep 2020
Hao Tran
Physical Geology
Notes: Geol 1
(Nonrenewable Energy)
Geology in the news
PT 1: Fossil Fuels
Why do we care?
Energy Sources
Renewable Energy
Can replenish themselves on quick time scales
Nonrenewable Energy
Do not replenish themselves fast enough for human use
Fossil Fuels
Covers about 81% of energy consumption in the United States and
globally (2015)
Oil: 36 percent
Natural Gas: 29 percent
Coal: 16%
Nuclear: 9%
Hydroelectric: 6%
All Others: 4%
How Much is there?
All of the material ready for immediate use
Every single bit that you know of
Fossil Fuels General Advantage
1. Historically cheap & abundant
2. Technology well developed
3. Infrastructure built to run on them
Fossil Fuels General Disadvantage
1. Nonrenewable
2. Deposits not uniformly distributed
3. Costs going up
4. Environmental damage
FF #1: Hydrocarbons
Combustible H-C compounds
Area of high biological productivity
Relatively low oxygen in water/sediments
Hydrocarbon #1 Methane
Aka Natural Gas
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