HUM 2 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Septima Poinsette Clark, Theodore Roosevelt, Frostbite

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15 Jun 2020
Hum 1
Introduction to Humanities
Septima Clark: Brief Biography
Father born a slave; Joel Poinsette family
Mother, freeborn to an American Indian and Haitian, was raised in Haiti and educated in
the European tradition
Parents valued education, mother was unintimidated by racial prejudice displayed
towards blacks
In Septima’s youth illegal for black teachers to teach black children in public schools
1920: married a man she barely knew against her parents wishes
Infant daughter died followed by spousal infidelity
Taken in by-in-laws
Second child, a son, experienced serious childhood illness; sent son to live with paternal
Eventually cared for elderly mother
Lost teaching job after 40 years due to membership in NAACP
Risked beatings/injury for civil rights work
Was arrested and taken to jail due to alcohol in her boss’s basement found during a raid
Teaching on St. John’s Islands
After graduating high school, 1916, she taught school in primitive conditions (no lights,
no chalkboard, no paper)
Developed frost bite walking to school the first winter
She and one other teacher shared responsiblities for 132 students
Worked for $35/month ($9600 yr) for 132 students
White teachers received $85/month ($24,000 yr) for normal sized class
The Seven Sister Colleges
In 1880s, 13% and in 1960, 10.5% ; 0.0015% of total blacks were graduating from these
1.5 black females per every 100,000 people
The One Drop Rule
Teddy Roosevelt
Teddy Bear
Just 36 hours after the birth of their only daughter, his wife (kidney disease) and his
mother (typhoid) died in the same house
Gave infant to his sister and went West àNational park System
Do what you can, with what you have, where you are
Arrogant Beggar Discussion
Maurice Young The Advocate
Ted Talk: Homeless by design
Maurice Young - Homelessness
Irish Hill
67 homeless individuals in tents
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