PHIL 1 Lecture 29: Phil 1 Notes 29

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15 Sep 2020
Hao Tran
Intro to Philosophy
Notes: Phil 1
Morality vs autonomy
Autonomy: following a law that comes from you, that you authored.
Heteronomy: following a law that comes from somewhere other than you.
The moral law is a law that we give ourselves, that comes from us.
This means that we are autonomous when we follow it.
We are being heteronomous when we follow the laws of a corrupt state, even
when they go against mostal law.
We are being heteronomous when we follow Gods commands. The moral law has
to be yours, not gods (though god is also bound by it)
We are being heteronomous when we act on our inclinations or desire. Although
these are a part of me, they are not my true self.
Morality and freedom
The moral law must be a law you give yourself. If you were obeying laws that
someone else had authored, you would need an incentive to obey them.
This problem applies to gods wil. Why should i follow what god commands me to
do? If i m doing it out of fear of punishment, then im not doing it because it is
right. Such action would lack moral worth.
I am only free when i am autonomous, that is to make a law and follow it.
Recoprocity thesis
Freedom is morality, and morality is freedom
Kant’s idea of freedom
You are only truly free when you are being moral. Thats when you are obeying a
self-given law.
When you are simply doing what you want, then you are not free - you are
determined by your inclinations.
Against Humes idea of freedom as being determined by your inclinations (rather
than by external compulsion
Nietzsche, genealogy first essay
Friedrich nietzsche
Not a man of habit
He was trained as a philologist (of greek and latin)
He became a professor a the age of 25. He left the position 9 years later.
Travelled around europe and italy and the swiss mountains
Died 1900
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