PSYC 5 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Human Sexual Activity, Castration Anxiety, Oedipus Complex

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30 Dec 2020
Department
Course
Professor
Jeff Koo
Psyc 5
Psychological Aspects of Human Sexuality
Summer 2018
4 Units
Psychological Perspectives
Psychoanalytic theory
o Freud proposed that sexuality and eroticism are fundamental forces of life. He developed
a theory of personality, the stages of psychosexual development with their corresponding
erogenous zones, the Oedipus complex and the role of the unconscious to explain human
sexual behaviour.
o 3 personalities: ID, Ego, and Super-Ego
o Corresponding erogenous zones: Oral, Anal, Phallic, Latent, and Genital.
o Oedipus complex: during the phallic stage, boys fall in love with their mother and see
their father as a rival. Castration anxiety.
o Electra complex: girl falls in love with her father and sees her mother as a rival. Penis
envy.
o The Oedipus complex gets resolved when the children adopt the appropriate gender
roles. If it is not resolve it can lead to homosexuality, gender confusion, sexual disorders,
fetishes, and/or repression.
Male homosexuality happens when a boy identifies with his mother instead of his
father.
The fetish object becomes a reassurance of masculinity.
o According to this theory, erectile dysfunction is caused by castration anxiety.
o Criticism: focus on sexual motivation and the unconscious in determining behaviour;
difficult to validate scientifically (not falsifiable nor universal); sexist.
o New science: neuro-psychoanalysis.
Finding of activity occurring in cerebral cortex that could be indication of
unconscious activity.
Learning theories
o This perspective explains how human sexual behaviour is learned and shaped through
various intrapersonal and interpersonal learning paradigms such as classical
conditioning, operant conditioning, behavioural modification and social learning.
o Classical conditioning takes place when a conditioned stimulus is paired with an
original unconditioned stimulus.
Smelling a perfume on someone during a good sexual experience and then
getting aroused by the perfume.
o Operant conditioning means a person is more likely to repeat a behaviour if it is
rewarded (reinforcement). Sex is a shaped behaviour AND is a primary reinforce.
o Behavioural modification techniques used to change an individual’s behaviour based
on classical and operant conditioning principles.
Sexual behaviour can be reinforced or punished. For example, a woman who
experiences pain during intercourse.
o Social learning based on operant conditioning, imitation and identification.
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