PSYC 5 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Biological Determinism, Hegemonic Masculinity, Masculinity

0 views2 pages
30 Dec 2020
Department
Course
Professor
Jeff Koo
Psyc 5
Psychological Aspects of Human Sexuality
Summer 2018
4 Units
Gender difference and male dominance
Are men and women different?
- When we are young, we don’t even see the difference but as we grow up, we are told
what to wear and what roles to have.
- Everything is because of socialization.
- We all have the picture of an ideal man and woman.
- Interplanetary theory of gender difference:
o Men are from Mars and women are from Venus
o Men and women are ‘opposites’ who exhibit complete and universal gender
difference
- The two tasks of any study of gender:
1. Why do societies differentiate people on the basis of gender? It is only based on
genetics and looks? Why are men always in power?
2. Why are nearly all societies also based on male dominance? ‘Patriarchal society.
Why different?
- Two schools of thought:
o Biological determinism (nature): anatomical, hormonal, chemical and physical
differences between men and women.
o Differential socialization (nurture): the people we grow up around influence the
way we see men and women.
- Most arguments about gender difference begin with biology.
Sex and gender
- Sex differences: anatomical, hormonal, chemical, and physical differences between
men and women.
- Most social and behavioural scientists differentiate between ‘sex’ and ‘gender’.
- Sex: biological apparatus (chromosomal, chemical, anatomical organization) and
physical.
o It is concrete, male and female.
- Gender: meanings attached to those differences within a culture.
o Masculinity and femininity
o Very abstract in terms of meaning
*Historically, the meanings are different. It has evolved over time.*
Making gender visible
- Until the 1970s, studies of social life focused only on class and race.
Unlock document

This preview shows half of the first page of the document.
Unlock all 2 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get OneClass Notes+

Unlimited access to class notes and textbook notes.

YearlyBest Value
75% OFF
$8 USD/m
Monthly
$30 USD/m
You will be charged $96 USD upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.