PSYC 5 Lecture Notes - Lecture 20: Sex Organ, Postmodern Feminism, Gender Role

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30 Dec 2020
Jeff Koo
Psyc 5
Psychological Aspects of Human Sexuality
Summer 2018
4 Units
Social construction of gender relations
‘Doing gender’: the interactionist approach
How do you perform your gender?
Judge accordingly to how people act.
Gender is the product of interactions
it is performed in interaction with others.
We generally see primary sex characteristics (genital area) as far more decisive than
secondary sex characteristics (breasts, beard, chest hair, etc.) for the assignment of
gender role identity.
o But what you see are secondary sex characteristics, and the behavioural
presentation of self.
Constructing gender: feminist views and movements
First wave feminism (1850 to WWI):
Emphasized women’s legal status and suffrage.
Second wave feminism (1960s and 1970s):
Discussed, analyzed, and protested power imbalances in personal and intimate
o Other contributions by people who were writing to focus on women like Simone
de Beauvoir in Europe and others in North America.
o Started to enter the workforce because they were tired of the way society was
organized, they had to depend on the man for the salary.
Liberal feminism:
Focused on making society as gender-neutral as possible.
Most dominant approach to change to world, it isn’t radical.
Marxist and socialist feminisms:
Argued that the economy was at the heart of women’s
culture all play roles in the subordination of women.
They took their roots from Karl Marx who said that the economy was
the most important part of society, it was at the heart.
He focused on class.
Radical feminism: Argues patriarchy is the root of women’s second-class status, and
that rape, domestic abuse, and warfare must be fought.
So radical that they said to not get into a relationship with a man because
that’s what changes the women and their views.
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