PSYC 5 Lecture Notes - Lecture 15: Gender Role, Nuclear Family, Dualism

0 views2 pages
30 Dec 2020
Jeff Koo
Psyc 5
Psychological Aspects of Human Sexuality
Summer 2018
4 Units
Talcott Parsons
- Argued that the need to fulfill gender roles comes from society requiring individuals to
fill two types of roles (sociological) not from individual need:
o Instrumental (male)
o Expressive (female): emotional, caring
- Sociological explanation
- Role allocation is not smooth (nuclear family and public-domestic divide, boys stay
longer with their mothers in western societies, girls have their role model mother).
o Boys have more identity crisis and difficulty developing their masculinity.
- Boys go through crisis in efforts to identify with their roles and reject femininity bad
boys, revolt against institutions.
- Negative consequence: ‘Cult of compulsive masculinity’
- Girls rebel against masculine superiority (not institutions) and has to depend on a man
for her security. She may rebel against feminine roles.
A. Criticisms
- Simplistic binary model and politically conservative (dualisms - male/female, roles,
system needs change will disrupt society).
- Involves coercion (roles not natural, people rebel and society enforces/demands them).
When people rebel against these, we correct them and force them to conform to the
Bem’s gender schema theory
- Reacted against sex role theory and studied the content of sex role.
- Bem’s sex role inventory tests for masculinity and femininity (on a continuum, not
- People learn gender schema as children, but vary as adults as to how rigid their gender
performance is.
- Androgyny is healthier than rigid gender performance (M-F is best psychologically
adjusted and intelligent individuals).
- A schema is a framework for organizing perceptions and interpretation of information
(on individual basis).
- Gender schema vs. gender aschema
- Gender appropriate behaviour has a cultural foundation.
- Criticism: Androgyny is not the best gender type (wishy-washy personalities: you don’t
fit anywhere, it’s an issue of power).
Pleck’s male sex role strain model (MSRS)
Unlock document

This preview shows half of the first page of the document.
Unlock all 2 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get OneClass Notes+

Unlimited access to class notes and textbook notes.

YearlyBest Value
75% OFF
$8 USD/m
$30 USD/m
You will be charged $96 USD upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.