SOC 1 Lecture 18: Soc_1_-_Intro_to_Sociology_-_18

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Published on 13 Aug 2020
Department
Course
Professor
Jeff Koo
Soc 1
Intro to Sociology
Spring 2019
4 Units
Introduction to The Social Construction of Reality
Berger and Luckmann (1966:18) explicitly seek to illuminate ‘the dual character
of society in terms of objective facticity and subjective meaning.”
Berger and Luckmann emphasize both how individual actors shape social
patterns and how social patterns structure individual behavior and
consciousness.
They argue that institutions “control human conduct by setting up predefined
patterns of conduct” (ibid:55), but at the same time, they assert that it’s only to
the extent that such patterns of conduct are internalized and taken for granted by
the individual that they shape consciousness and behavior.
In terms of action, above all Berger and Luckmann emphasize the
taken-for-granted workings of society, which reflects primarily nonrational
theoretical approach.
At the level of the collective, Berger and Luckmann emphasize the shared,
intersubjective dimensions of symbolic life (a la Durkheim).
Berger and luckmann insist that it is only by using the preexisting,
intersubjective elements of language and culture that individuals are able to act
at al
Typification is the process of constructing personal ‘ideal-types’ based on the
typical function of people or things rather than their unique features.
In other words, typification is a process through which actors isolate the generic
characteristics that are relevant for their particular interactive goal.
Pierre Bourdieu (1930-2002)
Of all the oppositions that artificially divide social science, the most
fundamental, and the most ruinous, is the one that is set up between subjectivism
and objectivism.” -Pierre Bourdieu, the logic of practice
subjectivism= individualist
objectivism= collectivist
Suggested reading
David Swartz,”Bridging the Study of Culture and Religion,” Sociology of
Religion (19996) 57.1:71-85
Assigned reading
Pierre Bourdieu, “social space and the genesis of groups”
In 1962, he took the position at the University of Lille an 2 years later he joined
the faculty of the ècole pratique des Hautes études in Paris
Ever the agent provocateur, Bourdieu refused to complete the state doctorate
degree, which is the standard requirement for those seeking chairs in French
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Document Summary

Berger and luckmann (1966:18) explicitly seek to illuminate the dual character of society in terms of objective facticity and subjective meaning. Berger and luckmann emphasize both how individual actors shape social patterns and how social patterns structure individual behavior and consciousness. In terms of action, above all berger and luckmann emphasize the taken-for-granted workings of society, which reflects primarily nonrational theoretical approach. At the level of the collective, berger and luckmann emphasize the shared, intersubjective dimensions of symbolic life (a la durkheim). Berger and luckmann insist that it is only by using the preexisting, intersubjective elements of language and culture that individuals are able to act at al. Typification is the process of constructing personal ideal-types" based on the typical function of people or things rather than their unique features. In other words, typification is a process through which actors isolate the generic characteristics that are relevant for their particular interactive goal.

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