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Lecture 4

ENG-W 131 Lecture 4: Hall, intro to representation notes

Course Code
ENG-W 131
Jillian Gilmer

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Introduction to representation
Culture is about shared meanings
Meanings are localized to languages
The circuit of culture is what connects; representation, regulation, consumption, production and
Language operates as a representational system and we use signs and symbols to take the place
of other people’s ideas
Culture is the sum of great ideas that represent a society such as literature, music etc.
High culture pertains to the noble people of the society and popular culture is all about the
ordiary perso’s ulture
Two people sharing culture is almost to say that they have the same thoughts and feelings about
the world
The things that are a part of a culture are all given a meaning as to why they are important
Meaning is what makes us who we are
Meanings regulate and organize our thoughts
Music and photography are both almost languages because they are widely understood
Representation is a process of secondary importance which comes after the meaning
Basically they are all connected and without one of them they would’t work
Class questions
1. What is representation/ what it does?
a. Shows values and how you identify yourself
b. Representation translates for language
c. represetatio is oe of the etral praties that ake ulture
2. When was the last time you looked at a representation?
a. News article
b. Logo
c. Photographs
3. What is the relationship between representation and reality?
a. “oeties represetatio a’t e the real reality
b. Creator vs audience changes the representation
4. What are the five definitions of culture that hall defines on page 2
a. High ulture: eodies the est of the est (literature, wie, paitig, useus,
classical music)
b. Shared values within a particular group
c. Popular culture and mass culture
d. Social scientific: way of life
e. Giving and taking of meaning; production or exchange of meaning. Culture is a set of
Geeral sese of ulture to e a part of soethig, shared ideas
Cultures or subcultures: athletic culture, house shows, punk, sexuality, Greek life
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