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Lecture 9

ENG-W 131 Lecture 9: Concepts from all Essays (1)Premium

2 pages69 viewsSpring 2017

Department
English
Course Code
ENG-W 131
Professor
Jillian Gilmer
Lecture
9

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Devor
Wendell
Ben-Moshe
Thomson
Gender is a social
construct that makes
us adhere to the
gender binary in
western society.
Gender binary is
upheld is marginalize
(make inferior, push to
the side) femininity
and ppl with feminine
traits.
Femininity: passive,
taking up less space,
caring, maternal, male-
oriented
Masc: aggressive;
dominant; self-reliance
(independence)
Gender roles/gender
schema
Gender is not inherent
but rather learned as
we grow up
--sexuality distinct from
gender and sex
--easier to identify
someone as male
rather than female
(preference, inclination
based on socialization)
--cross-gender
characteristics: if
minimal they are
ignored, if they are
marked then there is
scorn or shame, both
of these moves uphold
the gender binary
Concepts:
Disability is not only a
biomedical
phenomenon but a
social construct
How the world is built
constructs disability
PWDs are often kept in
private
Pace of life
All PWDs are
stereotyped to be
burdens and helpless
“oiety does’t offer
help to PWDs
The world is designed
for able-bodied ppl
Certain cultures have
stereotypes about
disability that are
stigmatizing (often
based on cultural
representations such
as film and literature)
Two-part thesis: wants
to change the
framework of
incarceration so we
acknowledge the
incarceration of PWDs,
wants to abolish prison
and institutionalization
system
--representation vs.
reality of institutions
(this is somewhere in
Ben Moshe)
--incarcerated people
and patients are
stripped of their
identities
--Ben-Moshe describes
mental institutions as
prisons designed to
separate mentally
disabled from rest of
society
--being incarcerated
has a negative
connotation, that
abnormality is danger,
that ppl who are
incarcerated are bad
people/deserve it
--institutions are a
dumping ground for
PWDs/mentally
ill/those we deem
unfit(138)
Concepts:
Individuals being stared
at are often subject to
unwanted social
attention
We stare but also look
away and break a
connection (that could
be repaired)
Facial expressions in
portraits sho it’s ok to
stare, gives person with
disability a voice
(without saying
anything)
Disability often
deviates from
guidelines of social
mannerisms
--disabled individuals
do’t onform to social
expectations
Ocular id/staring and
staree/redirecting the
gaze/pity and anti-pity
Robert Murphy:
acknowledged by
women and POC
Murphy: disability
feminizes men and
makes him equal to
women and POC
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