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Class Notes for Philosophy at Indiana University - Bloomington

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PHIL-P 140 Lecture 1: P140 John Stewart Mill Professor notes

Mill, Utilitarianism Chapter 1 There ought to be one, fundamental principle of morality; or, if there are several, there should be a way to rank order them where they conflict. (2R) Claim: Many have accepted the same moral...

Philosophy
PHIL-P 140
Tim O'Connor
PHIL-P 140 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Summa Theologica, Theological Virtues, Practical Reason

1 Thomas Aquinas: Aristotelian Virtue Ethics meets Christianity 1224251274 Treatises on Happiness and Virtue parts of uncompleted, massive Summa Theologica Challenge to theology posed by influx of rediscovered works of Ari...

Philosophy
PHIL-P 140
Tim O'Connor
PHIL-P 140 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Universalizability, Test Case, Categorical Imperative

1 Kant, Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals, Ch.12 (using ShaferLandau) Chapter 1 Opening paragraph: Nothing in the worldor out of it!can possibly be conceived that could be called good without qualification except a ...

Philosophy
PHIL-P 140
Tim O'Connor
PHIL-P 140 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Nicomachean Ethics, Eudaimonia, Intellectual Virtue

1 Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics, Book I: the Good, Happiness, Virtue Socrates (469399 BC), Plato (427347 BC), Aristotle (384322 BC) Chapter 1: every kind of human activity aims at some end, sometimes with nested subpurpos...

Philosophy
PHIL-P 140
Tim O'Connor
PHIL-P 140 Lecture Notes - Lecture 13: James Rachels, Euthanasia, Assisted Suicide
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I. Euthanasia II. Definition: The act of bringing about a persons death with the intention of relieving pain and suffering. It can be either passive (a) or active (b). A. Passive: Ending life...

Philosophy
PHIL-P 140
Daniel Buckley
PHIL-P 140 Lecture 11: Animal Ethics; Singer and Kant's arguments on vegetarianism
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- Utilitarianism and Vegetarianism - Peter Singer - Utilitarianism theories construe right actions as those which promote pleasure and reduce pain. Since non-human animals can ex...

Philosophy
PHIL-P 140
Daniel Buckley
PHIL-P 140 Lecture 5: Abortion - Arguments from Warren, Thomson, and Marquis
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Judith Thomsons A Defense of Abortion How do we claim that abortion is immoral? Argumentative strategy: Grant for the sake of argument that a fetus is a person from the moment of conception Person = moral agent; a bein...

Philosophy
PHIL-P 140
Daniel Buckley
PHIL-P 140 Lecture 6: 11-2 Lecture Notes (Part I) Day 6

P140 112 Lecture Notes (Part I) Fall 2017 Kants Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals (cont.) Recap of the Preface Kant wants to seek out and establish the fundamental principle of morality. The fundamental principle wi...

Philosophy
PHIL-P 140
Daniel Buckley
PHIL-P 140 Lecture 6: 11-2 Lecture Notes (Part II) Day 6

P140 112 Lecture Notes (Part II) Fall 2017 Kants Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals (cont.) Recap of Groundwork Section I Kant says that the only thing good without limitation is a good will. A person with a good wil...

Philosophy
PHIL-P 140
Daniel Buckley
PHIL-P 140 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Immanuel Kant, Deontological Ethics, Age Of Enlightenment

P140 1031 Lecture Notes (Part II) Fall 2017 Immanuel Kant (1724 1804) th Kant was an 18 century German philosopher. He is one of the key figures of the European Enlightenment and one of the most important thinkers in the h...

Philosophy
PHIL-P 140
Daniel Buckley
PHIL-P 140 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Teleology

P140 1031 Lecture Notes (Part I) Fall 2017 Mills Utilitarianism cont. Recap of Chapter 2: Mill states his Greatest Happiness Principle and then discusses a possible objection to the principle. According to this objection,...

Philosophy
PHIL-P 140
Daniel Buckley
PHIL-P 140 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: John Stuart Mill

P140 1026 Lecture Notes (Part II) Fall 2017 Chapter 2 of Utilitarianism Mill begins Chapter 2 by reacting to certain prevalent misconceptions concerning utilitarianism. First, some people think that utility is to be contra...

Philosophy
PHIL-P 140
Daniel Buckley
PHIL-P 140 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: John Stuart Mill, Summum Bonum, Applied Science

P140 1026 Lecture Notes (Part I) Fall 2017 John Stuart Mill (1806 1873) Chapter 1 of Utilitarianism At beginning of Chapter 1, Mills expresses deep dissatisfaction with the contemporary state of affairs concerning the ques...

Philosophy
PHIL-P 140
Daniel Buckley
PHIL-P 140 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Nicomachean Ethics, Eudaimonia

P140 1024 Lecture Notes (Part II) Fall 2017 Book II of Aristotles Nicomachean Ethics In Book I Aristotle identified the highest good. This is eudaimonia or flourishing. In order to flourish, however, we must act virtuously...

Philosophy
PHIL-P 140
Daniel Buckley
PHIL-P 140 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Nicomachean Ethics, Virtue Ethics, Eudaimonia

P140 1024 Lecture Notes (Part I) Fall 2017 Aristotle (384 322 BC) Aristotle, like his teacher Plato, was a profoundly influential thinker. His writings covered a wide range of issues including: physics, biology, ethics, lo...

Philosophy
PHIL-P 140
Daniel Buckley
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Dualism (Philosophy Of Mind), Ethical Egoism, Noumenon

l e a r n • r e f e r e n c e • r e v i e w permacharts TM PPhilosophy METAPHYSICS I: UNIVERSALS ...

Philosophy
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