Memory Psych Notes.docx

7 Pages

Psychological & Brain Sciences
Course Code
PSY-P 101
Jim Cuellar

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Memory Psych Notes 1232013 95600 AM LongTerm Memory Any info stored longer than 20 second duration of shortterm memory Unlimited amount of info can be stored in longterm memory Has different memory systems Can last a lifetime Amount of information that can be held is limitlessElaborative rehearsal more effective than maintenance rehearsal Encodes info into a form that can be retrieved later Focuses on the meaning of info to help encode and transfer it to longterm memory Relates the info to other info you already know Selfreference effect applying information to yourselfVisual imagery enhances encoding Explicit Memory Declarative Memory with conscious recallEpisodic Memory longterm memory of specific events or episodes including the time and place Related autobiographical memory events of your life your personal life historySemantic Memory general knowledge of facts names definitions concepts Implicit Memory Nondeclarative Memory without conscious recall Typing riding a bike etcProcedural Memory longterm memory of how to perform different skills operations and actions Muscle memory Culture and Memory Crosscultural research has shown how culture helps shape ones sense of self Earliest autobiographical memories are for events that occurred between the ages of 2 and 4 American memories discrete reflecting individual experiences of feelings Chinese and Taiwanese memories general routine activities with family schoolmates or community members brief accounts that centered on collective activities Cultural differences in autobiographical memory are formed in very early childhood through interaction with family members Clustering Related items clustered together to form categories Related categories clustered together to form higherorder categories Remember list items better if list presented in categories Poorer recall if presented randomly Even if list items are random people still organize info into some logical patternSemantic Network Model Mental links form between concepts Common properties provide basis for mental link
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