sociology notes.docx

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOC-S 100
Professor
Trevor Loney
Semester
Fall

Description
Sociology 9/3/2013 11:30:00 AM Conflict theory- always gonna be groups competing for the same thing so everything in society is going to be a conflict. Has to do with power. 3 different types – feminist theory, race theory, post modernism, post colonialism, Marxism karl Marx- the fight between the workers and the rich people. Owners of capital and worker. Mode of production – the base, and the super structure, the education, religion, everything created to reinforce the power difference Marx saw social change through change of mode of production Durkeim said about social change through technology and proximity of people Solidarity that durkeim talked about: organic-a rise of interdependence and mechanical- cohesion and integrating come from homogenrity (everyone is basically doing the same things.) main difference is that with mechanical, people believe all the same things Easiest way to get people – survey Advantage : large scope Disadvantage : maybe wont get all the same answers depending on how its worded. Primary agents of socialization: school and family Breeching: disruption of norms ex- standing backwards in an elevator. People try to turn back social order Internet and Culture  English dominated  Ideologically open  Instant gratification  Social media o Arab spring o Relationships o Realignment of journalism  Snowed, what does facebook and google know about you? Social interaction  Social psychology o The purpose of the section on social psychology is to foster the development of this brance of sociology through stimulating research and communicating knowledge. Social psychology is interpreted according to its inclusive and traditional use in sociology to encompass such broad fields as socialization, interpersonal relations and social behavior.  Erving Goffman o Microsociology  Face to face o Social interaction  The seemingly trivial o Civil inattention  dramaturgy o goffmann stated that we look at all parts of human interaction and develop the dramaturgical perspective  life is in essence as a theatre o roles for audience o inhabit stages and sets o make use of props and scripts social interaction  power of ordinary routines o provides structure and form  humans can act creatively  studying SI allows to better understand social institutions nonverbal communication  facial expressions, gestures, body movement  online settings  texting impression management  active control of perception  heart of identity construction  as weve talked about, multiple roles and interactions o toward other students, toward the instructor o audience segregation – front stage, back stage  status, social positions o clothing focused interaction- directly attending to what others say and do unfocused- aware that someone is there but you don’t want to interact with someone Ethnomethodology-  Harold garfinkel  Study of how people make sense of what others do  Enthomethods- how people sustain meaningful information  Unfocused interaction Why does this matter?  Social glue- shared assumptions provide stability Talk- conversation analyisis  How we talk is foundational to creating and maintaining a stable, comprehensible social world  Interaction vandalism  Response cries  Personal space Theory and methods 9/3/2013 11:30:00 AM What is a theoretical approach/theory?  Abstract interpretation that can be used to explain a wide variety of situations.  An orientation toward examining social phenomena  Theories are more narrowly focused What is a method?  The manner in which a researcher works to answer a sociological question, can be theoretically informed. Durkheim, Marx, Weber  Very interested in social change- why? Living through the two revolutions. Emile Durkheim (1858-1917)  Social facts o The aspects of social life that shape our actions as individuals. o The study of social facts, like any empirical fact, is what makes sociology a science. o We have observable facts and theories we can test, therefore making it a science. o It seems “as if” society makes us do things. o There are moral forces that affect our behavior. o There isn’t any “rational agent”  Structural functionalism- how societies stay together. Functionalists look at the world as an organic being with an end-game, people looking to fulfill role as assigned. o Mechanical solidarity  Cohesion and integration come from homogeneity  Everyone knows their roles, things aren’t changing very fast, small rural environment, people have same set of beliefs typically. o Organic solidarity  Rise of interdependence in modern society.  Different communities start interacting with other communities and finding different ties.  Collective consciousness- o both types of solidarity contain the idea of collective conscious. o Set of shared beliefs, moral attitudes, and ideas that bind a society together  Anime- o When social norms lose their hold over society o Aimlessness or despair created by modern life o Suicide o Caused by a rapid change in standards or values Karl Marx-  Mode or Production- materialist conception of history: material, or economic, factors have a prime role in the determining historical change.  Industrial revolution: cottage -> capitalism  Dialectical Materialism o Concerned with social change based on mode of production o Hegelian Dialecti  Thesis (social order as it is now) antithesis (alternate idea of a social order). They come together to create a new synthesis.  History is about class conflict, conflict theory o Proletariat- common worker o Bourgeoisie- managers (more upper class) owners  Concerns with capitalism o Thought it was unobtainable o Alienation: the separation of things that belong together  Base(mode of production) and super structure (maintains and legitimizes the base) o There is no need to lead a revolution here because you will be saved in heaven. Rich people stay rich and poor people stay poor. Max Weber (1864-1920)  Focus on ideas and values o Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism  It is the idea of the elect that drove capitalism.  How is this different from marx? Marx would say that capitalism creates and Max would say capitalism was created by Calvinist Christianity  Bureaucracy/ Rationality- businesses are going to act in a reasonable manner. How organizations work and how that affects society. o Iron cage- you lose sense of where you are in the world because you become so into your business  Kind of created organizational science  Class/power/status- hierarchical systems of power o Class- similar to Marx, but not necessarily a political outcome o Power- authority  Charismatic: person is role  Traditional domination: person is role  Legal/rational: democratic  Idea types W.E.B DeBois (1868-1963)  The souls of black folk  Double Consciousness o An american, a negro, two souls in one dark body, whose dogged strength alone kee
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