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Class Notes for Biology at Indiana University of Pennsylvania

BIOL 104 Lecture Notes - Lecture 19: Hox Gene, Ultrabithorax, Somite
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Somites are blocks of tissue that reside to the left and right sides of the developing neural tube. The number of somites varies by organism, but is always the same for that organism. These blocks of tissue eventually beco...

Biology
BIOL 104
Dr. Major
BIOL 104 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Apical Ectodermal Ridge, Fibroblast Growth Factor, Limb Bud
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Limb Development The development of a complex structure like the human arm is an excellent model for understanding how spatial-specific gene expression can control organized growth and patterning. Ultimately, genes lead ...

Biology
BIOL 104
Dr. Major
BIOL 104 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Murray Barr, Barr Body, Down Syndrome
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Epigenetics: So far, we have been discussing the flow of genetic information from DNA to RNA to Protein and how mutations in the gene or promoter sequence can affect the function or the levels of the final protein. This ...

Biology
BIOL 104
Dr. Major
BIOL 104 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor, Tumor Suppressor Gene, Uraninite
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Cancer cells do not obey checkpoints. Chromosomal abnormalities arise and are potentially harmful to a cell. Therefore, at these checkpoints, a cell must decide whether it should replicate DNA or produce more damaged cell...

Biology
BIOL 104
Dr. Major
BIOL 104 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Twin, Conjoined Twins, Hans Spemann
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Developmental Biology Chicken Egg Chick Step #1-Fertilization: Fusion of sperm and egg haploid nuclei The Mature Sperm Cell: Acrosomeenzymes that digest proteins and carbohydrates Midpiececontai...

Biology
BIOL 104
Dr. Major
BIOL 104 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor, Blood Vessel, Oncogene
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Cancer Statistics: of all men will develop cancer cause of 1/3 of all women will develop cancer 2 leading death in the US (heart disease is #1) 5-year survival rate is 68% What is Cancer?...

Biology
BIOL 104
Dr. Major
BIOL 104 Lecture Notes - Lecture 13: Gonad, Polymerase Chain Reaction, Vasectomy
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Biol 106 Human Genetics and Health Dr. Major Guide for Exam 3 Material (Spring 2018) Animal Cloning There are several reasons for constructing a genetic clone of an animal. 1. Because many diseases are conserved throughout...

Biology
BIOL 104
Dr. Major
BIOL 104 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Neural Tube Defect, Zoonosis, Maximum Life Span
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Biol 106 Human Genetics and Health Dr. Major Guide for Exam 4 Material (Spring 2018) Conjoined Twins In order to understand how conjoined twins come about, it is necessary that you first understand how an early embryo is f...

Biology
BIOL 104
Dr. Major
BIOL 104 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Antigenic Shift, Neuraminidase, Reassortment
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Influenza (the flu From the Italian word for influence o 30,000 US deaths/year o 100,000 Hospitalizations/year Some people have higher susceptibility Elderly (>65 years) C...

Biology
BIOL 104
Dr. Major
BIOL 104 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Morphogen, Alkaloid, Cyclopamine
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Pattering of the central nervous system The notochord patterns the neural tube Neural tube Notochord Neurons across the D/V axis of the neural tube are different Dorsal (reds) Ventral (blu...

Biology
BIOL 104
Dr. Major
BIOL 104 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Neural Plate, Endoderm, Neural Tube
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Neural Tube Defects Your embryo becomes multilayered Ectoderm (outer layer) Epidermis and nervous system Mesoderm (middle layer) bone and muscles Endoderm (inner layer) digestive and respiratory systems The ectoderm become...

Biology
BIOL 104
Dr. Major
BIOL 104 Lecture 12: TRANSGENTIC ORGANISM
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March 20 , 2018 Transgenic Organism A plant or animal that has stably incorporated into its genome one or more genes derived from another cell or organism. Recombinant DNA Technology The isolation of a selected piece of DN...

Biology
BIOL 104
Dr. Major
BIOL 150 Lecture Notes - Lecture 16: Hepatic Artery Proper, Appendectomy, Mucin

Human Anatomy Esophagus o Pharynx to stomach o 25 cm in length o mediastinum anterior to bodies o esophageal hiatus: opening in diaphragm o esophagus goes through this esophageal hiatus o Wall Stratified squamous epitheliu...

Biology
BIOL 150
Morschhauser
BIOL 104 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Mitosis, Independent Community And Health Concern, Trisomy
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Biol 106 Human Genetics and Health Dr. Major Guide for Exam #2 Material (Spring 2018) Limb Development The development of a complex structure like the human arm is an excellent model for ...

Biology
BIOL 104
Dr. Major
BIOL 104 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Sickle-Cell Disease, Point Mutation, Cytosine

Biology 106-A02 February 1, 2018 Messenger RNA carries genetic information out of the nucleus RNA acts as a transient messenger Three differences bet...

Biology
BIOL 104
Dr. Major
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Extensor Carpi Ulnaris Muscle, Flexor Pollicis Longus Muscle, Abductor Digiti Minimi Muscle Of Hand

perm ach artsMT T rigger Points II: Extremities T rigger Points II: Extremities ...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Sacral Plexus, Lumbar Plexus, Sympathetic Ganglion

pe rm a ch ar ts MT Spinal Cord 2nd EDITION Figure ...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Multicellular Biology - Reference Guides

This Guide is the progressive companion to the Cellular Biology title. The complexities of human physiology are made much clearer through the bright graphics and intelligently coordinated text boxes and glossaries that are...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Levator Veli Palatini, Orbicularis Oculi Muscle, Scalene Muscles

Muscular System: pe rm ac ha rts MT Head & Torso 2nd EDITION ...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Heart Valve, Inferior Vena Cava, Pulmonary Valve

permacharts TM Cardiovascular Physiology 2nd EDITION HEART STRUCTURE & FUNCTION ...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Meiosis, Nuclear Membrane, Nuclear Pore

l e a r n • r e f e r e n c e • r e v i e w permacharts TM CCellular Biology BIOLOGY BASICS C...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Cellular Respiration - Reference Guides

The specific aspects of cellular respiration are explained in this helpful Guide. The fundamental processes such as the electron transport chain, proton pumps, ATP synthetase, and glycolysis are each described with helpful...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Submandibular Duct, Parotid Duct, Palatine Tonsil

pe rm a ch a rtsMT DDigestive System 2nd EDITION Fi...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Antigen-Presenting Cell, Memory T Cell, Clonal Deletion

permacharts TM IImmunology 2nd EDITION G ENERAL INFORMATION - AN OVERVIEW ...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Superior Frontal Sulcus, Inferior Parietal Lobule, Superior Frontal Gyrus

p erm ac hartsMT Brain 2nd EDITION FIGURE 1: GROSS ANATOMY (LATERAL VIEW) ...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 173
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Superficial Palmar Arch, Costocervical Trunk, Thyrocervical Trunk

p erm a ch ar tsMT CCirculatory System 2nd EDITION Figure...

Biology
BI 361
All Professors

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