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Lecture 12

PSYC 101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Neuroticism, Conscientiousness

Course Code
PSYC 101
Mark V.Palumbo

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Q: What is it?
Sum total of all typical ways of acting, feeling and thinking that makes a person (you)
different from all others
Trait theories
Q: What is it?
Traits are characteristics, aspects of personality (of who you who)
Allport: traits can be ranked
1. Motivations traits: related to oes Values
2. Cardinal traits: dominates life (desire for social justice
3. Central/secondary traits: more common (obtaining sexual)
Five-factor model of personality traits big five
Q: What are they?
Openness creative, daring
Conscientiousness reliable, hardworking
Extraversion outgoing, social
Agreeableness selfness, forgiving
Neuroticism anxious, worrisome
Validating personality traits
Esek’s itroerts ad etraerts
Brai’s eural systems may work different
Classical conditioning
Functional MRI
Human Diversity
Personality and culture
Personality is influenced by culture
Individualistic culture (US)- emphasize individual rights and characteristics
Feeling of pride, superiority
Seek own goals over those of others
More willing to use embarrassment and aggression to prove oneself right
Free time often spent in solitary pursuits
Collective cultures (Japan, China, India) emphasize individual in terms of rights, duties
and expectations as member of a group
o Leisure time more often spent with family
o Less aggressive in conflict; say things to avoid embarrassment of others
o Characterized as having close ties, respectful, friendly
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