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Lecture 19

SOC-R 100 Lecture 19: Chapter 7 Stratification

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Sociology SOC-R 100
Glenna Simons

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find more resources at Sociology Chapter 7 Stratification  Stratification = structured social inequality or systematic inequalities between groups of people that arise as intended or unintended consequences of social processes and relationships o Ex. When sociologists ask how race and ethnicity affect incomes or how gender affects occupational prestige  Social Equality= a condition whereby no differences in wealth, power, prestige or status based on non-natural conventions exist o Jean-Jacques Rousseau o Social Inequality= result of privileges and uneven access to resources o Two types of social inequality  Physical=consists of age, health, bodily strength and qualities of mind/soul  Social  Scottish Enlightenment and Thomas Malthus  Dialectic= a two-directional relationship, one that goes both ways o German philosopher, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel Standards of Equality  Ontological Equality= the notion that everyone is created equal at birth o Thomas Jefferson  Equality of Opportunity = the idea that everyone has an equal chance to achieve wealth, social prestige and power because the rules of the game are the same for everyone  Bourgeois Society= a society of commerce in which the maximization of profit is the primary business incentive  Equality of Condition= the idea that everyone should have an equal starting point  Equality of Outcome= a position that argues each player must end up with the same amount regardless od the fairness of the game o Everyone contributes to society and to the economy according to what they do best  Free Rider Problem= the notion that when more than one person is responsible getting something done, the incentive is for each individual to shirk responsibility and hope others will pull the extra weight Forms of Stratification  Stratified societies are those where human groups within them are ranked hierarchically into strata.  Sociologists and philosophers believe there are four types of stratification 1. Estate System= politically based system of stratification characterized by limited social mobility a. Laws are written in a language in which rights and duties separate in
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