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Lecture 1

SOC-R 100 Lecture 1: Sociology Chapter One NotesPremium

6 pages148 viewsSpring 2017

Department
Sociology
Course Code
Sociology SOC-R 100
Professor
Glenna Simons
Lecture
1

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Sociology: Chapter One
1. The Sociological Imagination
a. Why Focus on Globalization and Glocalization?
i. Globalization: ever-increasing flow of goods, services, money, people,
technology, information, and other cultural items across the national
borders
1. Becoming more dense and fast moving
ii. Glocalization: the process by which a locality embraces, adapts to, or
resists a product, an idea, or a way of behaving that have come to them
in the cross-national flow. Also, it is the process of which something
unique to a locality is launched on a path toward globalization
iii. Glob and Gloc are intertwined because glob always involves a series of
countless glocalizations.
b. Sociology: the scientific study of human activity in society
i. Sociologists study age-old human activities such as:
1. People searching for work
2. Securing food
3. Adorning the body
4. Competing for some desired outcome
5. Celebrating
6. Consuming
ii. Social Forces: include anything humans create that influences or
pressures people to behave, respond, or think in certain ways.
1. Technologies like smart phones
2. Shared ideals such as freedom of speech
3. Established practices such as 8-hour work days
4. Manufactured products
5. Revolutionary figures
6. TV shows
7. Social movements
8. Processes like globalization and glocalization
2. The Sociological Imagination
a. The quality of mind that allows people to grasp how remote and impersonal
social forces shape their life story or biography
b. Biography: consists of all the day to day activities from birth to death that make
up a perso’s life
i. Biographies are shaped largely by remote and impersonal social forces
1. Considered remote when people are impacted by them had no
hand in creating them (example: smartphones)
2. People can embrace social forces, challenge them or be swept
along or bypassed by them
c. Troubles and Issues
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i. Troubles: personal needs, problems, difficulties brought on by individual
short-comings related to motivation, attitudes, ability, character, or
judgement
1. Relief of the troule oes fro lookig to the perso’s
character, skills, and immediate opportunities
ii. Issue: a matter that can explained only by factors outside of an
idiidual’s otrol ad iediate eiroet
iii. We live in a world where information dominates our attention and
overwhelms our capacity to make sense of all we hear, see, and read
daily
1. Can result in exhaustion due to the struggle to learn from
information about forces that shape daily life
2. People eed the soiologial iagiatio to thik aout hat is
going on in the world and what may be happening within
theseles
a. payoff: possession of a sociological mind allows an
individual to better understand experiences of fate by
locating themselves in a larger historical, cultural, and
social context that aware the individuals who share their
situations and can plan a constructive response to larger
social forces impacting their lives
3. The industrial Revolution and Emergence of Sociology
a. Industrial Revolution: changes to the way people produced goods, grew food,
got from one place to another, extracted resources from the earth, and
communicated and interacted with one another
i. Transformed nearly every aspect of society
ii. Mechanization: the process of replacing human and animal muscle as a
source of power with external sources derived from burning wood, coal,
oil, and natural gas
1. Before: goods were produced and distributed at a human pace
iii. By 1914 all of Africa had been divided into European colonies
1. 84% of the orld’s lad area had ee affeted y oloizatio
and 500 million people were living as members or European
colonies
iv. Industrial revolution changed everything including:
1. Way goods were produced
2. Ways people negotiated time and space
3. Relationships between geographically separated peoples
4. Way people made a living
5. Density of human populations
6. Relative importance and influence of the home in people’s lies
7. Access to formal education
8. Emergence of a consumption-oriented economy and culture
v. Wealth became more important and people got greedy
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