MUI 221 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Wart, Sound Recording And Reproduction
SchoolJames Madison University
Course CodeMUI 221
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MUI 221: Survey of Music Industry – Lecture 2: Protecting Creative Rights
Copyright Act of 1976 (effective 1/1/78):
“Congress shall have the power to promote the Progress of Science and useful Arts, by
securing for limited Times to Authors and inventors the exclusive Right to their Writings
Why was this put in place?
- Gives a push for scientists and artists to gain credit
- Safety for people to share their ideas with public
- People won’t hide their ideas anymore, make economy better
- Privilege to control their rights
The Bundle of Rights
1. The right to reproduce the song and make copies.
2. The right to distribute copies.
3. The right to perform the song in public
4. The right to make derivative works.
5. The right to display musical works.
6. The right to perform by means of digital audio transmission.
These rights belong to composers from the date of creation, providing that they ﬁx them
in a tangible medium of expression: applies to songs, not copyrighted until tangible
Titles, ideas for songs, musical genres, and chord progressions are not copyrightable.
Duration of copyright: Life of the author plus 70 years.
Public Domain: works that are no longer copyrightable (after 70 years of owners death)
are owned by all, they are no longer copyrightable
Transfer: Original copyrights transferred, copyright initially invested in author, chances
are they don’t know what to do with the copyrights until they transfer it to a publisher so
they can sell it, that transfer can deactivate if publisher doesn’t perform their side of the
Copyright Registration: Musical Works
The only way to unambiguously prove authorship is to register with the Library of
Congress Copyright Division.
Complete notiﬁcation of copyright requires 3 elements:
1. The symbol ©
2. Name of author
3. Year of copyright
If you leave one of the 3 elements out you risk losing the copyright; not leaving one of
the elements out tells the publisher you know what you’re doing
PA – Performing Arts: circle c is used ©, this is how you would copyright your song or a
collection of your songs.
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