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Lecture 10

NUTR 395 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Behavior Modification, Indirect Calorimetry, Gallbladder Disease


Department
Nutrition
Course Code
NUTR 395
Professor
Gloeckner
Lecture
10

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Obesity
I. Input = Output to maintain weight
a. Input
i. Food
b. Output
i. BEE/REE/RMR ~ 67%
ii. Activity (TEA) ~ 23%
iii. TEF ~ 10%
iv. Stress factors fever, illness, surgery, etc
II. Low calorie diets
a. Nobody enjoys counting calories
b. Need a system to simplify it
i. Exchanges
ii. Points
c. Takes time to learn
i. Very useful
ii. Becomes second nature
III. Control of Energy Balance
a. CNS
i. Hypothalamus
1. Ventromedial hypothalami
a. Satiety
2. Lateral hypothalmi
a. Hunger
b. Peripheral
i. Glucose sensors
ii. Hormones
iii. Many others
IV. Health risks
a. If you are overweight, you are more likely to develop
i. Heart disease, stroke
ii. Diabetes
iii. Cancer
iv. Gout (joint pain caused by uric acid)
v. Gallbladder disease
vi. Sleep apnea (interrupted breathing during sleep)
vii. Osteoarthritis (wearing away of joints)
V. Determining Obesity
a. Waist measurement
i. Increased risk with
1. Female > 35 inches
2. Male > 40 inches
ii. BMI
1. < 18.5 underweight
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