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Lecture 16

SOCI 140 Lecture 16: SOCI Lecture Notes 3.29

Course Code
SOCI 140
Aaron Peeks Mease

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The looking glass self
oHow you perceive yourself based on the input of others
o3 stages:
Imagine how we appear to others
Imagine how they judge us
React to perceived judgment emotionally
Measure the Self-Concept
oKuhn’s Twenty Statements Test (TST)
oRosenberg’s Self-Esteem Scale
SI: Self as Process
oConstruction of all social reality is a process
oGive meaning to our selves (pg. 120-121)
Internal dialogue
oAttitudes about self-based on perceptions of others
oBehind closed doors
oOur active self
“on stage”
dialogue between me & I
SI: Identity
oInternalized, stable sense of who we are:
Role identities
Identities & Behavior
How identity shapes behavior
How society shapes identity & behavior
Behavior can lead to creation of identity
Social categories
Felon example
Personal characteristics
Marshmallow experiment
oWhen you put a marshmallow in front of a kid, leave room,
and kid eats it, you find kid has no self-control
oIdentity Theory (pg. 123)
Commitment shapes the salience of identity, which in turns shapes the
way in which we behave.
Ex: Living with close friends in sorority house makes a Greek
identity highly salient. According to identity theory, Greek
identification reflects behavior; such as wearing letters, acting like
others, doing organization’s philanthropy
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