SPAN 300 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Participle, Trado, Arabic Poetry

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2 Oct 2017
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Apuntes de Español - Presente Perfecto y Pluscuamperfecto
Presente Perfecto
he
has
ha participio pasado (AR: -ado, IR: -ido)
hemos *always masculine and singular*
habéis
han
-anytime you have or have not done something, but do not give a specific beginning or
end, use present perfect! (never says exactly when it happened…)
When the stem of an -er or -ir verb ends in a, e, or o, a written accent must be added to
the participle, forming the ending -ído.
Infinitive
Verb stem
Past Participle
Creer (thought, believed)
cre-
creído
Leer (read)
le-
leído
Oír (heard)
o-
oído
Sonreír (smiled)
sonre-
sonreído
Traer (brought)
tra-
traído
Irregular Past Participles
Infinitive
Irregular past participle
Abrir (opened)
abierto
Cubrir (covered)
cubierto
Decir (said, told)
dicho
Describir (described)
descrito
Escribir (written)
escrito
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