ICE Guest Speaker on Human Trafficking
Enforcement and removal operations
Investigations operate and federal crimes nationally or internationally. The cases that
ICE investigate focus on offenders that are from overseas.
Human trafficking is a priority between both parties/ human trafficking is a non-partisan
issues. Investigations focus on all trafficking victims (legal, illegal, sex, labor, juvenile,
Human trafficking and smuggling.
An extra component of complexity is added by the fact that the “evidence” in these
cases is human beings instead of weapons or drugs. This requires that a victim-centered
approach to ensure that the victims will be able to be a part of the case against the
Risk factors for Trafficking:
Age, poverty, gender inequality, sexual abuse, mental/ health problems, police/ political
corruption, high crime, natural disasters, political unrest, war torn country.
600,000-800,000 people are trafficked across boarders each year.
80% of transnational victims are female and half are minors.
Traffickers prey on poverty and economic hardship.
It is a world-wide issue that effects at least 161 countries (as source, transit, or
Forced labor includes: sweat shops, domestic service, commercial agriculture, factories,
construction, restaurants, custodial work, and hair salons.
Chinese operated businesses recruited illegal Hispanic males as workers, but wouldn’t
pay them, and would make them survive off of restaurant scraps.
Massage Spas, karaoke/ host bars, Residential Brothels, Exotic Dance Clubs, Cantinas,
and Street Prostitution. T-Visas are visas meant specifically for victims of trafficking. They last for 4 years.
Discussion of Guest Speaker From Last Class
T-Visas: allow illegal victims to stay to help prosecute the case BUT they are required to
cooperate (testify, lead to evidence, etc.) with law enforcement in the prosecution of the
Victim specialist vs Victim advocate: Specialist does what is best for the case and advocate does
what is best for the victim.
Additional Groups of Victims
Intimidating, harassing, or threatening behaviors that would make a reasonable person
First criminalized in CA in 1990 (stalking of celebrities). All states had passed laws on
stalking by 1994.
Prior Relationship stalking is the most common form of stalking.
Victim repeatedly receives unwelcome contacts from a known aggressor in a
GA Law states that stalking involves behavior/ contact that is intimidating/ harassing
and is designed to cause fear in the victim. Note that direct threats of death/ injury are