HIST 3304 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Woolly Mammoth, Holocene Calendar, Ga-Adangbe People

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30 Aug 2016
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Geography, native americans, and the spanish in ga. People arrived in the americas 12000-14000 years ago. The geography of georgia kind of determined how society shaped why georgia was more of an agricultural society. 4 cultural traditions: paleo-indian, archaic, woodland, mississippian. Paleo: 13000-14000 years ago, migration to north america, nomadic, used clovis points, hunted large mammals. Archaic: 8000 years ago, seasonally nomadic, domesticated seeds for agricultural use. Woodlands: 3000 years ago, development of agriculture. Introduction of maize: more of a sedentary lifestyle (much less nomadic, more structured forms of religion. Mississippian: 700-1600ad, large, earth mounds, started in the mississippi valley and spread southeast, agriculture was pervasive and widespread. Main crop were corn, beans, and squash (known as the american triad) These three crops worked together nutritionally to provide a well- balanced diet and also prevented diseases: land managers. Used tools to manipulate the environment to work for them. Used fire to create game parks, make environment more livable: stratified society.

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