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Lecture 8

ITEC 3300 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Educational Technology, Audience Response, Penuel

Instructional Technology
Course Code
ITEC 3300
Claire C Brogdon

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What are they: student response systems, clickers, classroom response system, audience
response systems, personal response systems, web-based student response systems Student
Response Systems are o7en called simply SRS or Clickers. Other names for the technology
include Classroom Response Systems, Audience Response Systems, and Personal Response
Systems. They may be handheld hardware devices that send data directly to a computer, or
web-based technologies that collect student responses which are submiEed to the web-
platform through an Internet device such as a computer, tablet, or smart phone. In most cases,
the Student Response System so7ware is designed for the teacher to input questions into the
system. Then, once a question is displayed for the students, they may select and submit a
response to the question. These tehologies ollet ad opile the studets’ asers i real
Some brands of the handheld devices include respond which is used by Cobb County that can
be used with a Promethean board, Turning Point, and many others. Some Web-based Student
Response Systems include Nearpod, Poll Everywhere and Kahoot!. Both hand-held devices and
Web- based Student Response Systems have the capability to provide formative assessment
data to teachers that is instantaneous and helpful for guiding instruction, as well as engaging
SRS: use clickers often, it has been reported that students attention begins to drift after 10 mins
of traditional lecturing. Most teachers would agree that learners have a limited attention span
regardless of their age. A Vanderbilt professor, Derek Bruff, suggests that asking clicker
questions throughout your lesson helps to engage learners. His research implies that it is
helpful to ask 3-6 questions paced throughout every 50 minute time block.
Why use them: 1. Full participation, 2. Accountability, 3. Anonymity, 4. Data for Instructional
improvement. Student Response Systems can help a teaher aitai studets’ attention and
promote active student engagement during a lecture, as well as facilitate discussion and
student collaboration. They encourage accountability through participation from each and
every student in a class. Student Response Systems help create a safe, anonymous space for shy
and unsure students to participate in class. Additionally, they can help a teacher collect data for
providing students with feedback and for improving instruction. You may decide to use clickers
to check for student understanding and gauge their comprehension level. Considering data can
help you adapt your teaching to meet the immediate learning needs of your students.
Best practive: use srs to gauge comprehension and determine misunderstandings, display srs
response data, adjust instruction based on data One study by (Penuel, et al., 2007) found that
teahers ted to use “R“ to gauge studets’ oprehesio ad deterie isuderstadigs,
display response data for facilitating student reflection and discussion, and adjust instruction
based on the accuracy of responses -- all of which help to promote student engagement. We
will be reviewing some research-based strategies that will help you do these things! There are
other engagement strategies that may be used with Student Response Systems, and they are
find more resources at
find more resources at
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