PSYC 4430 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Reuptake, Frontal Lobe, Psychopathology

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8 Feb 2018
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Chapter 2: An Integrative Approach to Psychopathology
1. An Integrative Approach to Psychopathology
a. Multidimensional integrative approach
i. Approach that holds that psychological disorders are always the product
of multiple interacting causal factors
1. Genetics
2. Neuroscience
3. Behavioral and cognitive processes
a. Learned helplessness
b. Social learning
c. Prepared learning
4. Emotional influences
5. Social and interpersonal influences
6. Developmental influences
2. One dimensional vs. multidimensional models
a. Multidimensional models
i. Interdisciplinary, eclectic, and integrative
ii. syste of iflueces that cause ad aitai sufferig
iii. Draw upon information from several sources
iv. Abnormal behavior results from multiple influences
3. Multidimensional models of abnormal behavior
a. Major influences
i. Biological
ii. Behavioral
iii. Emotional
iv. Social & cultural
v. Developmental
vi. Environmental
4. Genetic contributions to psychopathology
a. Phenotype (physical traits) vs. genotype (genetic makeup)
b. Nature of genes
i. Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)the double helix
ii. 23 pairs of chromosomes
iii. Dominant vs. recessive genes
c. Genetic contribution to psychopathology
i. Less than 50%
5. The interaction of genetic and environmental effects
a. Eric Kandel and gene-environment interactions
i. The genetic structure of cells actually changes as a result of learning
experiences
1. E.g. an inactive gene may become active because of
environmental influences
b. The diathesis-stress model
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