SOC 160 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Social Disorganization Theory

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Soc 160
Functionalism
o Societal Functions
o Manifest Function
Intended activity or the purpose of the process
o Latent Function
An unintended, beneficial consequence of a social process
Example: the rain dance
Not overly recognized
Social Problems exist because
o Institutions fail to fulfill functions
o When disfunction occurs
o Dysfunction
Undesirable consequence of a social process
Can lead to social disorganization
Conflict perspective
o Macrolevel analysis
o Assumes inherent power struggle
Class, race, gender, sexual orientation
o Different groups work to control scarce resources
o Being denied a sense of control results in
Powerlessness. Meaninglessness, normlessness, self-isolation
Symbolic Interactionist Perspective
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