A&S 217 Lecture Notes - Lecture 17: Concentrated Poverty, Group Cohesiveness, Adaptiv

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How it feels to be a poor mother
One nation underprivileged - Mark Rank
Why Should we care about those that are poor?
oSelf interest
Likelihood you will be poor
Chances are you will be poor at some point in your
ife, how would you like to be treated if you were poor because its a
good possibility you will be at some point in your life.
Social costs of poverty discussed
Crime
oOpportunity structure and relative poverty increase crime
Individuals resent others for having “more”
Health
oER visits cost a lot of money and not necessary in most cases
oNutrition in pregnant women important for fetal development
oLead poisoning leads to ADHD and decrease in IQ
oIncreases the insurance premiums for most people
Education
oHealth and high stress male nourishes leads to inability to reap
the same educational benefit, why not want to get the most
bang for the buck with education?
Doing good is private advantage
oCore set of American Values
Liberty -freedom from arbitrary or despotic control, positive enjoyment of
various social political economic rights and privileges
How poverty infringes
oConditions you live in impair your ability to enjoy political social
and economic rites and conditions
How poverty infringes on inherent liberty
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oSpeech
oVote fair trial
Not able to get competent legal trial
Class differences
Justice -sense of fairness and deservedness
Is poverty just
oDo people deserve to be poor because of actions or behaviors
Equality – outcome (Everybody equal income) vs opportunity (some have more
income than others)
Poor individuals don’t have equal opportunity
Democracy -government of the people by the people for the people
Essence of Citizenship
oBenefits of being citizen, part of a larger community
Less crime
Access to roads and sewers and garbage
oShared responsibility for maintenance of community
oResponsibility to lessen the suffering of others
Unemployment 4% because we don’t want inflation therefore we have
obligation to help that 4% unemployed
Cost of goods and services we outsource jobs therefore we have a social
responsibility to the poor
Wise Stewardship
oTaking into account concerns and needs of fellow citizens but focus on citizens to come
(the future generations)
oCareful management and care of the community and surrounding environment
What society do we want to leave to our children? / Why difficult for Americans to see our
interconnectedness
Heterogeneity
Geographic racial divide “black community”
Individualism and self-reliance
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Ethos of free market capitalism
Worship at the altar of competition profit consumption wealth and
greed
What does it mean to be poor in a rich society?
Measures of material hardship: rationale and recommendation- Sondra
Beverly
Based on respondents reporting whether they lack food adequate housing heat health care etc.
(i.e. basic needs and services)
Why material hardship?
oHardship measures and income-poverty measures represent alternative conceptions of
poverty
oMaterial hardship is both normative and instrumental concern
oHardship tools are useful tools for policy analyses
oIncome measure doesn’t geographically vary
oMore direct (allows you to think of poverty as deprivation)
oDifferent way of thinking of poverty
oMaterial hardship and poverty line do NOT match up
oNormative and instrumental concerns
Normative -> widely accepted beliefs
Instrumental-> food and security decreases productivity
Disadvantages
oPreference problem (rats are so adorable!!! I love living with them !!!)
oNecessities fluxuate … what are basic goods and services
oConsensus on definition of material hardship
oHow do we measure it?
oHow do we gain access?
oData problems_ complicated to measure subjective measure
Subjective Measure
oAsk Americans on a survey what they think a family of four needs and make it
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